Brazil’s COVID-19 policy response

The project extends the Blavatnik School's coronavirus government response tracker to assess public policy responses to COVID-19 for different levels of government in Brazil.

Extending the data from the Blavatnik School's Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker to Brazilian sub-national units and smart phone location data, this project examines how Brazilian subnational COVID-19 response policies have affected mobility and citizen behaviour, and assesses the response alongside WHO criteria.

The working paper 'Do Brazil’s COVID-19 Government Response Measures Meet the WHO’s Criteria for Policy Easing?' finds that the World Health Organization’s six criteria for easing closure and containment policies had not been met in eight Brazilian state capitals by the time of the study’s survey (6 to 27 May). However, income reductions have been most severe for the most economically vulnerable people. The eight capitals included in the survey are: Fortaleza, Goiânia, Manaus, Porto Alegre, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, and São Paulo.

The Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker’s subnational data (up to 31 May 2020) and its indices for the Brazilian federal government, state governments and the eight state capitals are freely available online. The Tracker subnational data will continue to be updated in due course, refined and improved throughout the crisis. The survey data used in the paper is also freely available online.

The project is run in partnership with Rio de Janeiro’s EBAPE-FGV and University of São Paulo.

See links on the right for the official press release (English version and Portuguese version).

See below for links to the working paper and the policy memo (both documents are provided in English and Portuguese).


The authors thank they colleagues for commentary on the survey questions, especially Eduardo Andrade, Thomas Hale, Toby Phillips, Clare Leaver and Cesar Zucco. The survey was funded by the Global Challenges Research Fund, The Alfred Landecker Foundation, and the Blavatnik School of Government.

Anna Petherick, Beatriz Kira and Rafael Goldszmidt contributed the survey design, analysis, writing, review and editing. Lorena Barberia contributed the maps and reviewed the survey, the analyses and the text. 

The OxCGRT Brazil subnational coders are: André Houang, Anna Paula Ferrari Matos, Beatriz Franco, Beatriz Kira, Camilla Sacchetto, Carla Almeida da Vila, Carolina Martinelli, Carolina Scherer Beidacki, Celso Antônio Coelho Júnior, Daniel Pereira Cabral, Davi Mamblona Marques Romão, Dayane Ferreira, Denilson Soares Gomes Junior, Elisangela Oliveira de Freitas, Fabiana da Silva Pereira, Gabriel de Azevedo Soyer, Guilherme Ramos, Henrique Oliveira da Motta, Horácio Figueira de Moura Neto, Isabel Seelaender Costa Rosa, Isabela Blumm, João Ferreira Silva, João Gabriel de Paula Resende, José Renato Venâncio Resende, Laura dos Santos Boeira, Letícia Plaza, Luiz Guilherme Roth Cantarelli, Marcela Mello Zamudio, Maria Leticia Claro de Faria Oliveira, Maria Luciano, Marta Koch, Matheus Porto Lucena, Maurício Nardi Valle, Natalia Brigagão, Natália Colvero Maraschin, Natália de Paula Moreira, Nicole Guedes Barros, Pedro Arcain Riccetto, Pedro Ferreira Baccelli Reis, Pedro Santana Schmalz, Pollyana Pacheco Lima, Ricardo Miranda Rocha Leitão, Rodrigo Furst de Freitas Accetta, Tamoi Fujii, and Teresa Soter Henriques.