Governments are taking a wide range of measures in response to the COVID-19 outbreak. This tool aims to track and compare policy responses around the world, rigorously and consistently.
The Oxford Covid-19 Government Response Tracker (OxCGRT) collects systematic information on policy measures that governments have taken to tackle COVID-19.
The different policy responses are tracked since 1 January 2020, cover more than 180 countries and are coded into 23 indicators, such as school closures, travel restrictions, vaccination policy. These policies are recorded on a scale to reflect the extent of government action, and scores are aggregated into a suite of policy indices. The data can help decision-makers and citizens understand governmental responses in a consistent way, aiding efforts to fight the pandemic.
Since 2021, most governments have applied differentiated policies to the vaccinated and non-vaccinated people. We have incorporated such policies in 10 of our indicators. The latest version of our core working paper (BSG-WP-2020/032) provides more information on methodology and data collection.
The Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker will stop publishing real-time updates for most jurisdictions at the end of 2022. Reviewing and confirming data will continue into 2023. Most governments around the world have settled into a steady state of pandemic-related policy – there are not many significant changes for us to report.
We are planning to continue publishing data for individual Chinese provinces into 2023, as there is still significant policy variation and change. We will publish a separate repository for this soon.
We have posted a longer update which you can read here. The OxCGRT dataset will continue to be available, primarily on GitHub. Our main channel for updates will be our data users mailing list, which you can join here.
Credit for media use (CC BY License): Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker, Blavatnik School of Government, University of Oxford.
Recommended reference for academic publications: Thomas Hale, Noam Angrist, Rafael Goldszmidt, Beatriz Kira, Anna Petherick, Toby Phillips, Samuel Webster, Emily Cameron-Blake, Laura Hallas, Saptarshi Majumdar, and Helen Tatlow. (2021). “A global panel database of pandemic policies (Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker).” Nature Human Behaviour. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-021-01079-8
Data use policy: Creative Commons Attribution CC BY standard. This data is provided free of charge. However, please consider contributing to the COVID-19 Fund for the World Health Organization. You can also find out more about supporting the work of the Blavatnik School of Government.
Our core working paper (BSG-WP-2020/032) provides more information on methodology and data collection. The data is collected by a team of hundreds of volunteers around the world from the Oxford community and is updated continuously. We produce monthly regional reports providing a snapshot of shifts in government responses to COVID-19.
OxCGRT collects publicly available information on 21 live indicators (and 3 retired indicators) of government response. For C1-C8, H6 and H8, it takes into account different policies in place for vaccinated and non-vaccinated people.
- Containment and closure policies (indicators C1-C8) record information on containment and closure policies, such as school closures and restrictions in movement.
- Economic policies (indicators E1-E4) record economic policies, such as income support to citizens or provision of foreign aid.
- Health system policies (indicators H1-H8) record health system policies such as the COVID-19 testing regime, emergency investments into healthcare and most recently, vaccination policies.
- Vaccine policies (indicators V1-4) record vaccination policies: a country’s prioritisation list, eligible groups, cost of vaccination to the individual, and the presence of a vaccine mandate. This was in partnership with Oxford Martin School.
Please note: we have recently stopped updating data on our E3, E4, and H4 fiscal indicators. The data for these indicators will still be present in the CSV files, but they just are not being actively updated beyond August 2021. We do still plan to actively keep the H5 fiscal indicators (government investment in vaccine research) updated over time.
To help make sense of the data, we have produced four indices that aggregate the data into a single number from 0-100. This is a measure of how many of the relevant indicators a government has acted upon, and to what degree. The index cannot say whether a government's policy has been implemented effectively. For more information refer to our index methodology.
Each index now has four different versions that account for how policies differ between vaccinated and non-vaccinated populations: vaccinated, non-vaccinated, weighted average, and simple average.
- Overall government response index
The index records how the response of governments has varied over all indicators in the database, becoming stronger or weaker over the course of the outbreak. It is calculated using all ordinal indicators.
- Containment and health index
The index combines ‘lockdown’ restrictions and closures with measures such as testing policy and contact tracing, short term investment in healthcare, as well investments in vaccines. It is calculated using all ordinal containment and closure policy indicators and health system policy indicators.
- Stringency index
The index records the strictness of ‘lockdown style’ policies that primarily restrict people’s behaviour. It is calculated using all ordinal containment and closure policy indicators, plus an indicator recording public information campaigns.
- Economic support index
The index records measures such as income support and debt relief. It is calculated using all ordinal economic policies indicators.
Note that these indices simply record the number and strictness of government policies, and should not be interpreted as ‘scoring’ the appropriateness or effectiveness of a country’s response. A higher position in an index does not necessarily mean that a country's response is ‘better’ than others lower on the index.
In addition to country-level data, our separate data folders additionally include some subnational data. So far we have incorporated data for Brazilian states, Canadian provinces and territories, Chinese provinces, UK devolved nations, and US states into the dataset.
- Brazilian states and cities data
Our main dataset includes data on Brazilian states and cities' responses to COVID-19. Additionally, more data is available in its dedicated Brazil sub-national repository. Also available are the results of a two rounds survey on Brazilian citizens’ experiences and opinions regarding COVID-19 and government policies.
- Canada provinces and territories
Our main dataset contains data on the different approaches Canadian provinces and territories have taken in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Read the dedicated Canadian provinces working paper.
- China province-level jurisdiction
Our main dataset includes subnational data on Chinese province-level jurisdiction responses to COVID-19. Read the dedicated Chinese provincial working paper.
- UK nations
Our main dataset contains data on the different responses of the four UK nations to COVID-19. Read the dedicated UK nations working paper.
- USA states
Our main dataset includes USA state-level responses to COVID-19. A dedicated repository is also available with additional data. Read the dedicated USA states working paper.
- Australian states and capital cities
Our main dataset includes Australian state-level responses to COVID-19. More data is available – including policies in capital city and rest-of-state regions – in our dedicated Australian subnational repository. Read the dedicated Australian subnational working paper.
Please note: this is an ongoing collation project of live data. If you see any inaccuracies in the underlying data, or for specific feedback on the analysis or another aspect of the project please contact us. The database was upgraded on 27 July and you can read the full details of what's changed as well as view the archived version of this dataset on GitHub.
You can also sign up to receive technical updates about the dataset and API at our technical mailing list.
Recent publications from the project
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Data is collected from public sources by a team of more than 1700 university students, staff and volunteers from every part of the world.
Aaron Ni, Aaryaman Bhalla, Abdulafeez Katibi Abdulkadir, Abeba Aleka Kebede, Abey Blessing, Abigail Chen, Abigail Escobar, Abigail Lourdes Contreiras Martinez, Abigale Shettig, Abiola Lawal, Abubakar Sadiq Usman, Adam Wade, Adava Eneze, Adebanwo Kuye, Adel Molnar, Adeshola Usman, Adil Sayeed, Aditya Lolla, Adrian Hoti, Adrian Wang Xinting, Agatha Picetti Gonçalves da Silva, Agustin Blasco, Ahad Kesaria, Ahmed Safar, Aida Tsegezab Gebregergis, Aidana Arynbek, Ailen Di Marzio, Akane Fujimoto, Akanksha Bhatia, Akeemat Ayinla, Akhil Rayasam, Akhila Kadgathur Jayaram, Akshata Gupta, Alaa Dafallah, Alan An, Alejandrina Cripovich, Alex Chen, Alex Epshtein, Alex Lap Ting Cheuk, Alex Qin, Alex Zhuang, Alexander Collin, Alexander Trousdale, Alexandra Boothroyd, Alexandre Duponcheele, Alexis Rakochy, Alexsander Silva Farias, Aleysha Rattray, Alfie Killigrew, Alfredo Ortega, Alice Cavalieri, Alice Eddershaw, Alice Graham, Alice Secheresse, Alice Vodden, Alice Worsley, Alina Romani Pozo, Aline Sayuri Konno, Aline Tognini, Alisha Sood, Allen Haugh, Allison Yu, Alonso Moran, Alyssa Lindrose, Amit Kumar Mehto, Amun Nadeem, Ana Catarina Baptista, Ana Lorena Guerrero, Ana Luíza Albuquerque, Ana Lucia Villagran, Ana Paula Pereira dos Passos, Ana Virginia Lira Flor, Anabella Abadi, Anagha Tirumalai, Anahi Alvarez-Amaro, Anandam Sarcar, Andre Houang, Andrea Garaiova, Andrea Klaric, Andrea Salhuana Bellodas, Andrew Brown, Andrew Lupati, Andrew Rapp, Andrew Read, Andrew Wagner, Andrew Wong, Andrew Wood, Andrey Krachkov, Andy Hu, Aneesa Khan, Aneri Shah, Angus Padley, Anika Buch, Anila Jose, Anindita K. Listya, Anita Kerubo, Anita Pant, Anjali Viswamohanan, Ankit Raj, Ann Hagen, Anna Bruvere, Anna Casey, Anna Jang, Anna Malandrino, Anna Matos, Anna Petherick, Anna Welsh, Annalena Pott, Annamarie Candler, Anne Hahn, Anne Sofie Nissen, Anneloes Hoff, Annika Browne, Anouka Saha, Anqi Tang, Anthony Michael Hachem, Anthony Sudarmawan, Antonio Terrazas, Anu Adeyemi, Anuki Edirisinghe, Anupah Makoond Makoond, Anusha Wani, Anushka Shah, Apoorva Mehta, Arabella Abad, Ariana Detmar, Arianna Marcolin, Ariq Hatibie, Arisa Sadeghpour, Arkar Hein, Arlette Misengabu Kayembe, Armand Patel, Arsalaan Asad, Arthur Lau, Asanti Gurre, Ashika Thomas, Ashleigh Shipton, Ashley Gilliam, Ashley McNeil, Ashraf Marasharin, Ashton Wagner, Asiya Kamber Zaidi, Atharva Deshmukh, Athena Zeng, Athina Efthymiou, Athira Zuhaira Ahmad Yusri, Augusto Guajardo, Aurelia Suarly, Aviery Boone, Avneesh Beejah, Axel Nurdin, Ayan Habane, Ayanna Griffith, Ayesa Ghale, Ayla Mueen, Ayomide Israel, Aysegul Elbasi, Azeez Idowu Adiatu, Bárbara Prado Simão, Babu Ahamed, Baoqing Jiang, Barbora Bacyte, Bassem Chakroun, Bat-Orgil Bat-Erdene, Bayleigh Jefferson, Beatric Cuellar, Beatriz Cristina Rodrigues Silva, Beatriz Franco, Beatriz Kira, Beatriz Morgado Marcoje, Beatriz Pioltine Macedo Costato, Ben Ignac, Ben Luria, Ben Weber, Benjamin Farias, Benjamin Parker, Benjamin Tsao, Bernard Lao, Bernardo Andretti, Bethany Rodgers, Bethel Zerai Gebremedhin, Bianca Alves Almeida Souza, Bill McCluskey, Blaire Ng, Blessing Ajimoti, Bo Jia, Brenda Gonzalez, Briana Owirodu, Bridget Ogbuagu, Brittany James, Bruna Biesdorf Barro, Bruna Maria da Silva Ruys, Bruno da Cunha de Oliveira, Bruno Marques Schaefer, Bruno Nunes Siufi, Bruno Stucchi, Caitlin Sarro, Callum Rodgers, Callum Ryan, Camila Fernanda Ugaz Rojas, Camilla Sacchetto, Camille Bailly, Camille Bedard-Gauthier, Camille Leblanc-Martineau, Carla Danielli Fonseca, Carla Vila, Carlin Chen, Carlos Danquer, Carolina Beidacki, Carolina Martinelli, Carolina Medeiros, Carolina Rota, Caroline Bendl, Caroline Carthy, Caroline Frassão, Caroline Pastrano, Caroline Weglinski, Cassandra Akinde, Cassy Inman, Catalina Galuzzi, Catherine O'Donnell, Celso Coelho, Cerelia Yoong Yue, Chang Lu, Chantelle Khoo, Charankamal Padda, Charles Pinon, Charlette Kokoi, Charlie Newton, Charlotte Hsu, Charlotte Rougier, Cheng Tan, Chenxi Zhu, Chia Yin Lim, Chidimma Nwaku, Chigozie Agwuncha, Chigozie John Nwachukwu, Chloe Axford, Chloe Mayoux, Chong Zhang, Christian Ferreiro, Christian Lumley, Christian Oko, Christopher Yoannou, Chukwu Victor, Chuyun Dai, Cindy Chung, Cindy Hu, Claire Chiang, Clara Calazans Espindola, Clara Pavillet, Clara Portwood, Clara Wardi, Clarissa Fisher, Clarissa Lim, Clark Upton Myers, Claudia Sedano, Clea Boorman, Clemence Verbrugghe, Colette Morlino, Connor Lyons, Constanza Urdaneta Romano, Cornelia Santoso, Cristhian Pulido, Cristiane Pereira, Cyndelle Kwabi, Cynthia Waliaula, Débora Nery Schwartz, Déborah Palacio do Sacramento, Da Eun Ahn, Dagny Ahrend, Dan Fay, Dan Grinevics, Dan Mocanu, Danae Nicosia, Dane Alivarius, Dang Dao Nguyen, Daniel Cabral, Daniel Guedes Silva Daher, Daniel Nwaokolo, Daniel Pereira da Costa, Daniela Costanzo de Assis Pereira, Daniela Ferraz Bertholini, Daniela Mayerova, Daniela Quiroga, Danlin Liu, Daphne Nakawesi, Dar-Yin Li, Davi Mancebo Fernandes, Davi Motta de Souza, David Doan, David Johnson, David McKinnon, David McMillan, David Romao, Dawit Bekele Tefera, Dayou Ren, Deborah Shomuyiwa, Deepak Dayal, Delgermaa Munkhgerel, Delia Tenaglia, Denilson Soares Gomes Junior, Denise Koller, Derek Messling, Devon Tompane, Dhruv Shetty, Diane Brandt, Digvijay Uddhav Patil, Dilkini Siriwardana, Diogo Mussalem Smethurst, Dora Illei, Dorothee Sartorius, Du Yanrong, Dun S Zheng, Dylan Kruse, Edmund Derby, Edson Maia Villela Filho, Eduardo da Nóbrega Monteiro, Edward O'Brien, Eera Fatima Bangi, Ehsan Rafian, Eirini Petrou, Ekin Aksoy, Elaine Fung, Eleandra Maria Prigol Meneghini, Eleanor Altamura, Eleanor Raj, Elena Sheard, Elena Terenzi, Elinor Tsen, Elisa Codonho Premazzi, Elisabeth Mira Rothweiler, Elisangela Oliveira de Freitas, Elizabeth Adeyemo, Elizabeth Oluwatobi Njoaguani, Ellen Sugrue, Elyse Dewbre, Emanuelle Louise Bordallo Quintanilha, Emerson Nairon, Emily Cameron-Blake, Emily Huang, Emily Lane, Emily Milan, Emily Nguyen, Emma Baubly, Emma Thrower, Emmanuel Benyeogor, Emmanuel Idenyi, Emmanuel Mawuli Abalo, Emmanuella Okonkwo, Enyuan Zhang, Ergon Cugler de Moraes Silva, Eric Cheng, Erin Kanzig, Erindaa Magendran, Eshitha Vaz, Esraa Elnaiem, Esther Bosede Ilesanmi, Ethan Teo, Euler De Leon, Eustace Ohuakanwa, Evan DeTurk, Fabrício Motta, Faith Njeri Nyaga, Fan Su, Fang Wu, Fangda Yu, Farah Sayad, Fareedah Oredola, Faroha Khan, Fatima Bello, Fatima Lopez Grela, Fatima Zehra Naqvi, Federico Holm, Felipe da Silva Santos, Felipe Dias Gonçalves, Felipe Natil Martins Moreira, Felipe Paiva, Felipe Rodrigues Monteiro, Femi Adebola, Fenyu Hsu, Fernanda Assuncao Tiraboschi, Fernanda Bouzan Cardoso, Finney Israel, Finn Klebe, Fiona Hsu, Fiona Zhong, Fong Ting Ma, Fortune Effiong, Francesca Basile, Francesca Lovell-Read, Francesca Valmorbida McSteen, Francesco Moiraghi, Francisco Olivero, Frederic Michaelsen, Fuji Jauhari, Gabriel Podesta, Gabriel Zemuner Paiva Rossini, Gabriella Henrique Targino Monteiro, Gabrielly Gonçalves de Lima Dal Pozzo, Gai Shurui, Gaia Lisi, Gaia Naccach, Gargi Thakur, Gemma Mortell, George Sheppard, George Youssef, Getu Kusa Wakoya, Giovanna Valentim, Gitarani Prastuti, Giulia Bonora, Giulia Pirolo, Giulia Vicentini, Giullia Marques Thomaz Ferreira, Glaucia Grellmann, Gleice Kelly Donato Neves, Goodnews Johnson, Grace Buchen, Grace Mzumara, Grace Xu, Guanghan Gao, Guanghong Zheng, Guilherme Macedo, Guilherme Ramos, Guilherme Wainstock, Guillaume Gaillard, Guillermina Mayorca, Guillermo Miranda Cuestas, Gutam Dambekodi, Hailey Myers, Haiming Wu, Hairong Wang, Haiyun Deng, Hakeem Onasanya, Hakim Ronaque, Hala Sheikh Al Souk, Hamna Malik, Hamsini Nathan, Han Nguyen, Hana Dole, Hannah Dawson, Hannah DeBacker, Hannah Klim, Hannah Lintener, Hannah Tsang, Hanqing Liu, Hanshu Zhang, Hany Khalifa Mahmoud, Hao Zha, Harikharan Krishnaraju, Harish Srinivasan, Harriet Williams, Harry Zhang, Hartley Dutczak, Hassan Olayemi Alaka, Hatim Hussain, Hayley Kunde, He Jiaxin, Heili Poolsaar, Helirya Santiago de Souza, Helen Henderson, Helen Tatlow, Helene Jow, Helene Lovell, Henok Mulatu Teferi, Henrique Aguiar, Henrique Motta, Henry Annan, Hermann Pais, Hewan Kifle, Himangshu Kumar, Hin Yeung, Hong Zeng, Horacio Neto, Hui Zhou, Huiting Tan, Huiwen Zheng, Huma Zile, Hunter McGuire, Hussein Kamal, Hyeonho Go, Hyerean Yoo Kang, Hyunsik Kim, Ian Chang, Ibrahim Abdulumumin, Ifigenia Xifrevillar, Ikeoluwa Adeniji-Fashola, Ilya Zlotnikov, Im Chiew Ng, Inaara Sundargy, Inara Bezerra Ferreira de Sousa, India Clancy, Ingrid Maria Johansen, Iqra Amin, Ira Benson, Irena Emilia Svilpe, Isaac Vzquez, Isabel Jorgensen, Isabel Rosa, Isabela Abade Granzieri, Isabela Blumm, Isabela Gomes Pereira, Isabella Borges Avila, Isabella Xu, Islam Mohamed, Isra Ahmed, Israa Mohammed, Israel Kates, Iyone Agboraw, Júlia Papa Gonçalves, Jack Kendrick, Jackline Jessica, Jacob Appelbaum, Jacqueline Dobrigna, Jade Pichard, Jade Xi, Jai Wei, Jake Lerner, James Balzer, James Fox, James Green, James Yan, Jamie Weber, Janine Felicia Reasonda, Jasmine Anand, Jason Larson, Jason Thomas, Javier Pardo-Diaz, Jay Harley, Jaykumar Patel, Jeanna Kim, Jelsyna Chacko, Jenna Hand, Jennice Herrera, Jennifer Gunther, Jennifer Kim, Jennifer Lim, Jeremy Ng, Jes Schultz, Jess Barreto, Jessica Anania, Jessica Liana, Jessica Pulipaka, Ji Xubo, Jiahao Zhao, Jiaming Ta, Jianing Han, Jianjun Wu, Jiaxin Chai, Jiayi Deng, Jiayi Li, Jiayi Zhang, Jiayue Xu, Jiayun Wang, Jilin Zeng, Jimmy Kwong, Jin Zhanyu, Jinghuan Ma, Jinheon Baek, Jinmeng Zhang, Jinrui Huang, Jinyuan Wang, João Claudio Faria Machado, João Felipe Marques, João Gabriel de Paula Resende, João Monteiro, João Paulo de Jesus Martins, João Pedro Conte Schmitt, João Pires Mattar, João Silva, Joan Coloma, Joanna Klimczak, Joanne Muriithi, Joanne Navales, Jodie Elms, Johanna Elliott, Johannes Dommnich, John Bervin Galang, John Miller, John Okon, Jonathan Chan, Jonathan David Roberts, Jonathan Smith, Jonty Redman, Joohee Uhm, Jorge Luis Revilla, José Egidio Pedro da Silva, Joseph Hudson, Joseph Ssentongo, Joy Carveth, Joy Chen, Joyous Ocran, Juan David Gutierrez, Judy Cossins, Judy Nguyen, Jueqiong Zhao, Jueun Ro, Juhi Kore, Julia Abrahão Homsi, Julia Coriolano, Julia Paoli, Julia Sampaio, Julia Sawatzky, Juliana Bueno Refundini, Juliana Moura Bueno, Juliana Novaes, Julie Laura Mermet, Juliet O'Brien, Jun Zhang, Junu Shrestha, Justice Turzin, Justin Zhang, Justine Pfitzner, Kaisa Saarinen, Kaitlyn Green, Kaitlyn Lee, Kala Pham, Kalani Paranagama, Kamaryn Tanner, Kamile Kukleryte, Kar Chong Low, Kareena Shokar, Karen Akemi Nagai, Karolina Helnarska, Karoline Becker, Karthik Venkudusamy, Kashvi Chandok, Kasia Whitaker, Katarzyna Jaroszewicz, Kate Koliha, Kate Skinner, Kate Whyte, Katherine Burton, Katherine Klemperer, Katherine McCreery, Katherine Tyson, Katherine Wang, Kathryn Hok, Katiana dos Santos Telefora, Katie Tehas, Katrina Aguila, Katrina Marina, Katy Aymar, Kaushal Jain, Kaushalya Gupta, Ke Xu, Keliang Zeng, Kelly Daniels, Kelly Kon, Kess Rowe, Kethmi Gamage, Kevin Parham, Keziah Owusu-Attuahene, Khanh Vy Bui, Kiara Asuzu, Kiitan Bolajoko, Kimberly Ngo, Kirandeep Bal, Kiyomi Boyes, Koeun Jung, Kolade Victor, Kong Phui Yi, Kong Qingling, Konstantinos Tsampalas, Kou Jimei, Kristen Oliveira, Kristian Clausell-Mobley, Kristie Jameson, Kristina Nguyen, Kristy Debono, Kritti Srivastava, Kurt Sant, Kylee Ladner, Laíssa Maria da Silva Guimarães, Lai I An, Lakis Panteli, Lama Gaafar, Lama Khaiyat, Lana Ahmad, Landers Rene, Larissa Cristina Margarido, Larissa Vella, Laura Bigeni, Laura Boeria, Laura Chamberlain, Laura Chavez-Varela, Laura de Lisle, Laura Gaudoin, Laura Hallas, Laura Hochheim Thomé, Lauren Allison, Leah-Shai Torres, Leana Diekmann, Leanardo Puleo, Leen Aghabi, Leena Watakul, Lei Wang, Lei Yunliang, Lennox Hemingway, Leo Ruesche, Leonie Lam, Leslie Fraser, Letícia Figueiredo Collado, Leticia de Araujo Dias, Leticia Plaza, Leyan Liang, Li Luyang, Liene Baptista, Liere Gonzalez Yubero, Lijun Wang, Lila Klein, Lilian Achieng Owino, Liliana Estrada Galindo, Lily McCrohan, Lin Shi, Linchen Xie, Lingsyuan Huang, Lingxi Li, Linrui Zhong, Lione Alushula, Liu Yang, Liu Zhang, Liviu Dimitriu, Liz Gleeson, Liz Gomes Ribeiro, Liza Brachtendorf, Lizbeth Leija, Logan Powell, Longmei Deng, Loraine Choo, Lorena Barberia, Lorna Thomas, Louisa-Madeline Singer, Lu Paloma, Luís Guilherme Amaral, Lucas André Grejo Almendra, Lucas Damasio Faggiani, Lucia Soriano Espinel, Lucy Dixon, Lucy Ellen, Lucy Goodfellow, Luisa Benevides de Barros, Luiz Cantarelli, Luiz Eduardo Barbieri Bedendo, Luiz Gustavo Machado Cruz, Luiz Philipe de Souza Ferreira, Luiza Fonseca de Souza, Luiza Szczerbacki Castello Branco, Luke Mallett, Luke Muschialli, Luma Mundin Costa, Luna Rocha Dantas, Luyang Liu, Luyao Ren, Maclawrence Famuyiwa, Madalyn Coburn, Madelyn Flowers, Madison Harris, Maebh Gallagher, Maeve Bognini, Maeve Rolland, Maha Al-Areeqi, Maha Baig, Maheera Kamran, Mahita Yerramsetti, Mai Sugimoto, Maia Harris, Malin Bornemann, Maliyah Goka, Malou Sophie Celander, Manasi Gupta, Manasvini Moni, Manav Mutneja, Manik Aggarwal, Manikantha Nataraj, Manikarnika Dutta Dutta, Manya Sinha, María de los Ángeles Lasa, Marília Camargo Miyashiro, Marcela Reynoso Jurado, Marcelle Costa Marinho, Marcelo Arruda Candido, Marcio Gomes Dourado, Marco Antonio Silva Costa, Marco Aurelio Mayer Duarte Neto, Marco Cokic, Margie Morrison, Maria Amador, Maria Andrade, Maria Carolina Cavalcante Flores Gachido, Maria Clara Leme de Oliveira, Maria Henriquez, Maria Luciano, Maria Luisa Piatti, Maria Luiza Barreto Cazumba, Maria Puolakkainen, Maria Rocio Clark, Mariam Raheem, Mariami Jintcharadze, Mariana Costa Oliveira Morais, Mariana Emy Adati, Mariana Guedes, Mariana Lima Maia, Mariana Resende, Marianna Panteli, Marianne Lafuma, Mariano Marotta, Marie Mavrikios, Marina Belaia, Marina Fernandes Bispo de Siqueira, Marina Navarro Montilla, Marina Tovar, Mario Carvajal, Mark Chao, Mark Deakin, Mark Sibi Peter, Marlene Munoz, Marryam Ishaq, Marta Koch, Martina Di Folco, Martina Eleonora Podesta, Martina Lejtreger, Marwa Ghoname, Marya Shariq, Maryam Almsalati, Maryann Heil, Matej Bilik, Mateus Bernardes dos Santos, Mateus Henrique Muller, Matheus Lucena, Matheus Mariano, Matheus Ricardo Gonçalves Barbosa, Mathilde Berghmans, Matilde Stronell, Mattia Casula, Maurice Kirschbaum, Maurice Odiwuor, Mauricio Montelongo Quevedo, Mauricio Nardi, Max Babus, Maxime Bourdier, Maximilian Magnacca Sancho, Maya Harwood, Mayank Mawar, Mayra Henrique de Melo, Mayra Luíza Pinheiro da Silva, Medha Tirumalai, Megan McDowell, Mehdi Bennis, Melissa Leon Pons, Melissa Toh, Melody Leong, Memuna Rashid, Meskerem Aleka Kebede, Miao Wang, Michael Chen, Michael Ugochukwu Anyanwu, Michelle Chan, Michelle Park, Michelle Sharma, Mikafui Dzotsi, Mikhela Bayes, Mila Lonnqvist, Milagros Isabel Fernández, Mildred Aziengbe, Minsoo Bae, Mira Kovalsky, Mirava Yuson, Miriam Pittalis, Mohamed Elsayed, Mohima Sultana, Momudat Maidoki, Monika Pyarali, Morgan David Kamanga, Morgan Grobin, Morgan O'Brien, Morgan Taylor, Morgan Woods, Mounika Tiruvaipati, Moza Ackroyd, Mphatso Kantonya, Muhammad Ali, Muhammad Ali Shah, Muktai Panchal, Murray Steel, Nada Vidyattama, Nadia Nasreddin, Nadine Dogbe, Nan Chen, Nandini Yellamelli, Nao Ogura, Naol Belema Gemechu, Nasra Habane, Natália Colvero Maraschin, Natalia Brigagao, Natalia Espinola, Natalie Khoo, Natasha Aldulaimi, Natasha Priyadarshini, Nathan Felipe Caetano da Silva, Nathan Tan, Nathaniel Dolton-Thornton, Natsuno Shinagawa, Neenah Young, Negin Shahiar, Nellie Thomson, Nethra Subramanian, Nicholas Wan, Nicolas Pulik, Nicole Barros, Nicole Guedes, Nicole Gump, Nicole Nanci, Nikhil Parmanand Tekwani, Niki Ziai, Nina Acharya, Nina Desgranges, Niveditha Hari, Noam Angrist, Noureddine Radouai, Ohagwu Grace, Oheema Kwakyi, SeungCheol Ohk, Ojonugwa Abubakar, Okorie Chinagorom Ogbonnaya, Oksana Matiiash, Ola-Dahunsi Mercy Tomishola, Olaoye Damilola, Olena Skrypnikova, Olga Romanova, Olivia Cowie, Oluoma Agiri, Oluwaseun Odusanwo, Omkar Ekbote, Omnia Hamza Farah Hamza, Onche Emmanuel Philip, Onechojo Reuben Ocheja, Onkar, Onukansi Francisca Ogochukwu, Osawe Emmanuel, Pablo Bertin, Pamela Gongora, Pamela Quevedo Joia Duarte da Costa, Paola Del Carpio Ponce, Paola Schietekat Sedas, Paolo Marzi, Paresh Chaudhari, Patricia Hernandez, Patricia Silva Castillo, Patrick Rehill, Paul Anderson, Paul Dairo, Paul Lawson, Pedro Arcain, Pedro Riquelme Gonzalez, Peihao Xu, Perkins Lui, Peter Dunlap, Pham Thao Ly Nguyen, Phillip Kim, Piyasha Chowdhury, Polly Lima, Prabhakar Chandramouli, Pragya Chaube, Prakrit Prasad, Pranav Bhatia, Prathna Srivastava, Praveen Rajendran, Precious Oluwadara Olajide, Prianka Rao, Primrose Adjepong, Priya Lakshmy Tbalasubramaniam, Priyanka Bijlani, Puja Satish, Purna Panda, Qi Qi, Qi Zhou, Qian Yang, Qianwen Ren, Qianyi Ye, Qicheng Shen, Qin Li, Qing Yang, Qinli Lin, Qinyu Wang, Qiyuan Dong, Queen Ugochinyere Alu, Quoc Nguyen, Quynh Lam Vo, Rachael Farayola, Rachel Chiang, Rachel Choy, Rachel Dixon, Rachel Peh, Rachel Young, Rachelle Koch, Radhika Nagesh, Radmanesh Khalili, Rafael Goldszmidt, Rafael Silva, Rahima Hanifa, Ramatu Abdul Hamid Alhassan, Rancy Chadha, Randy Taufik, Ranithri Patuwathavithane, Raphael de Magalhães Cutrim, Rashmi Madhukar, Ratu Sumampow, Ray Pottebaum, Raymond Zhang, Rayssa Deps Bolelli, Rebecca Howarth, Rebecca Muller, Rebecca Nieves, Reed Rothe, Reem Mohammed Almannaee, Reham Aamir, Reina Li, Renata Patrícia Silva Moraes, Renee Yu, Rheanna Patel, Rhona Rahmani, Riana Pinto, Ricardo Miranda Rocha Leitao, Richard Florance, Ridwanullah Ayomide Ojewale, Riley Ylagan, Rishabh Lorhray, Rita Rasoa, Ritesh Soule, Riya Gandhi, Robert Gorwa, Roda Mohammed, Rodrigo de Sousa Escano, Rodrigo Furst, Rojan Joshi, Rose Avient, Rosie Nye, Rotimi Elisha Alao, Roxana Tatiana Flores Ibarra, Roy Barnes, Ruby Hynes, Ruel Beresford, Rui'an Cong, Ruibiao Zhu, Ruibin Liu, Ruiqiao Jiang, Ruolan Xie, Rupali Chowdhry, Rupsa Basak, Rushay Naik, Ruwa Mahdi, Saba Ajwat Ul-Hasan, Saba Mahmood, Sabrina Nanua, Safa Atitalla, Safa Khan, Sagar Grewal, Sage Buchanan, Sakina Bano Mendha, Salim Salamah, Salma Youssef, Salome Waweru, Sam Aboubacar Coulibaly, Sam Darby, Sam Webster, Samantha Harris, Samson Leung, Samuel Gild, Samuel Kidane, Samuel Li, Samuel Smith, San Jameson, Sandhya Laping, Sandra Sajeev, Sandra Wohlauf, Sandya Krishna, Sanjari Kalantri, Sanjeev Sabhlok, Saptarshi Majumdar, Sara Hashim, Sarah Umandap, Sasha Roberts, Sasidhar Gali, Satoko Matsukawa, Saumya Varma, Scarlett Harbin-Owens, Scott Latham, Scott McCullers, Selam Iyasu, Sena Pradipta, Seorim Park, Serene Singh, Seth Howes, Seun Adebayo, Seung Eun Yi, Shabana Basij-Rasikh, Shalvi Thakur, Shambo Basu Thakur, Shane Fitzsimons, Shannon Costello, Shannon Murray, Shannon Smith, Sharmi Haque, Sharon Farrell, Shelly Lim, Shengchang Zhang, Shenyue Huang, Sher Meng Tan, Sherilyn Nguyen, Shi Huajie, Shiloh Harrill, Shiman Xie, Shirley Chen, Shirui Zhou, Shiwen Lai, Shiyao Lu, Shoaib Khan, Shoko Miyahara, Shoshanna So, Shreya Mulukuntla, Shu Wen Ong, Shubo Zhang, Siddharth K Prakash, Sidney Chung, Sifan Chen, Silvia Shen, Simon Birk, Simon Powell, Simphiwe Stewart, Simran Jain, Simran Kapoor, Siqi Liu, Siyan Jiang, Sofiane Kouadria, Sonya Amin, Sophie Bustamente, Sophie Guillaumat, Sophie Pearlman, Sriraj Aiyer, Sruthi Kallivalapil Surendran, Stefaan Sonck Thiebaut, Stefan Holzheuser, Stelle de Rocio de Souza, Stephanie Buhle, Stephanie Guyett, Stephanie Poling, Stephen Hayes, Suganthan Asokan, Suin Jang, Suryodeep Mondal, Swathi Rayasam, Syed Shoaib Hasan Rizvi, Sze Oh, Taís Pelinson Gomes da Silva, Tallis Everard, Tamaghn Kasibhatta, Tamoi Fujii, Tania Calle, Tanya Sethi, Tanyah Hameed, Tara Chen, Tatiani Schmitt, Tatsuya Yasui, Taylor Keating, Taylor Qin, Tayná Mendes, Tayo Adefolalu, Tebello Qhotsokoane, Teresa Soter, Teruki Takiguchi, Tetsekela Anyiam-Osigwe, Thais Pinheiro Amorim, Thao Nguyen, Thayla Bicalho Bertolozzi, Thays Marques, Theo Bernard, Thi Yen Chi Nguyen, Thiago William Pereira Barcelos, Thin Pa Pa Hlaing, Thomás Castanheira Manfrinatti, Thomas Benson, Thomas Birdseye, Thomas Hale, Thomas Hodgson, Thomas Mbuotidem Jeremiah, Thomas Rowland, Thomas Stubbs, Thuy An Pham, Tianjing Liu, Tiffanie Cao, Tijani Abisola Latifat, Tilbe Atav, Tim McGowan, Tim Nusser, Tina Chim, Tiphaine Le Corre, Tiwa Ighomuaye, Toby Phillips, Toluwanimi Adeyanju, Tomas Listrani, Tong Si, Treasure Udechukwu, Treyce Money, Tse Hiu Hung, Twan van der Togt, Tzina Xazinah, Ubah Daahir, Udit Chauhan, Ulla Mikkelsen, Ulrike Gruber-Gremlich, Uma Mani, Ursula Panzner, Ursule Demael, Usman Abubakar Haruna, Uttara Kudesia, Uttara Narayan, Uyen Le, Vanilda Chaves, Vara Anoosha Vijjapu, Varad Dinesh Godase, Varsha Reddy, Varun Vivek Bansal, Vedant Shukla, Vedika Pillai, Venerabla Mussa Massanja, Veronica Mika Prasad, Veronique Gauthier, Vian Wagatsuma, Victor Lau, Victoria Cantu, Victoria Cavero, Victoria Leurino, Vijay Krishna Palepu, Vinícius Sanches Pontirolle, Vinicius Tadeu Silverio dos Santos, Violet Simpson, Viraj Aditya, Vittoria Porciuncula Horch, Vivek Mynam, Viviane de Assis Ignacio, Waasae Ayyaz, Walter Vinicius Ribeiro Cancelieri, Wang Wanying, Wang Yuanzhuo, Wei Sean Melvin Ting, Weijia Shen, Weiyi Huang, Weiyi Zhang, Wenjie Xie, Wenqing Wu, Wenxuan Zhou, Will Bennett, Will Marshall, Will Torness, William Boulton, William Dowling, William Hart, William Kemp, Windy Yu, Winni Yang, Xema Pathak, Xiangyun Ren, Xiaohan Xu, Xiaoyi Ren, Xiaoyue Zhong, Xin Li, Xin-Ci Lum, Xing Ann Ewe, Xingyan Lin, Xingyue, Xinhui Ma, Xinlu Tian, Xinrui Wang, Xinyi Cui, Xinyu Shi, Xisen Wang, Xiuyi Zheng, Xuewei He, Xueyan Liu, Xutong Li, Yago Evangelista Tavares de Souza, Yan Xinyu, Yang Zhao, Yanina Borzykh, Yaning Su, Yanjun Lu, Yanshi, Yanying Lin, Yao Zhang, Yaowen Deng, Yaqub Yousuf, Yashaswini Gannabathul, Yasmin de Sousa Pinheiro, Yasmin Hamdy, Yawen Xie, Ye Chen, Yexuan Zhu, Yi Zhou, Yibei He, Yifan Pei, Yifei Xiao, Yihan Wang, Yihang Liu, Yihao Sun, Yimei Liu, Ying Kei Ma, Ying Yu, Yinqiu Zheng, Yintong Liu, Yiran Fan, Yishan Yuan, Yiwen Sun, Yiwen Zhang, Yixin Xu, Yizhou Pan, Yu Wen Wong, Yu Zin Wint, Yuan Fang, Yuan Zhou, Yue (Nicole) Wu, Yue Jian, Yue Zhang, Yueying Zhang, Yujin Kim, Yulia Taranova, Yun Zhu, Yusuff Adebayo Adebisi, Yuwei Wang, Yuwei Wu, Yuxi Zhang, Yuxin Ma, Yuxin Pu, Yuyin Yao, Yuzhen Chen, Zachariah Coleman, Zachary Adnane, Zachary Parsons, Zainab Apalara, Zakariya Dauda, Zara Abdurahaman, Zara Raheem, Zejing Wu, Zelie Kasten, Zesheng Sun, Zeyu Zhang, Zhang Kangning, Zhengyu Zhang, Zhi Yuan Ho, Zhichen An, Zhiru Li, Zhiying Yan, Zhou Yue, Ziarla Mae Malabanan, Zicheng Mai, Zihan Zhang, Zijia Tan, Zilin Tu, Ziqi Zhou, Zirui Jerry Yao, Zixin Grace Lin, Zixin Xu, Zixuan Fu, Ziya Utku Karadeniz, Ziyue Chen, Zoe Lin, Zoha Imran, Zongyue Liu, Zunaira Mallick.
Indicators and indices
I would like to find out more detail about the policies in place. How can I find out why the code has changed?
Our ‘WithNotes’ CSV provides all of the notes recorded for each policy change (divided by year due to file size).
What different policies do you collect data on?
We collect data on a range of policies, including school closures, stay at home orders, economic support for households, and vaccination policy. You can find details of how we code these in our codebook.
What is the Stringency Index and how is it calculated?
The Stringency Index is an aggregate score/composite measure made up of a particular combination of policy indicators/response metrics from the codebook and their values (for the Stringency Index these are C1-8 and H1). The OxCGRT aggregates these policy indicator values into a common “Stringency Index” that runs from 0 -100. Our methodology documentation explains how this is calculated.
Does a higher Stringency Index score mean a country is doing better?
The Stringency Index simply records the number and strictness of government policies and should not be interpreted as ‘scoring’ the appropriateness or effectiveness of a country, region, or territory’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
How many aggregate indices do you have?
We have four, and each is formed from a different combination of indicators. Stringency Index, Government Response Index, Containment and Health Index, Economic Response Index. You can see which indicators are included in the table in this methodology document.
Where can I download the data?
All of our data is available here on our Github page in CSV format. We also have more detailed subnational data available on Github.
There are lots of datasets, what is the difference between them?
Please refer to our document which explains the differences between each of our datasets.
Do I need permission to use the data?
The data is all freely available to download and use, as long as you cite the tracker accordingly as follows:
- Credit for media use: Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker, Blavatnik School of Government, University of Oxford.
- Recommended reference for academic publications: Thomas Hale , Noam Angrist , Rafael Goldszmidt, Beatriz Kira , Anna Petherick , Toby Phillips, Samuel Webster, Emily Cameron-Blake , Laura Hallas, Saptarshi Majumdar, and Helen Tatlow. (2021). “A global panel database of pandemic policies (Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker).” Nature Human Behaviour.
I only want data for a few countries or dates but the data download includes all of them, is there a way around this?
We recommend that you download the data, and use Excel or Google Sheets to delete columns or rows that are not needed. Using a filter is helpful for this.
How do I download the data from Github?
Go to the Github data download page, click 'view raw', then right hand click and select 'save as', and save in the format 'comma-separated values'. You can then upload this .csv file to Excel or Google Sheets as a spreadsheet. You can apply a filter to select the countries and columns that you need.
Do you have subnational data available?
Yes, we publish subnational data on the UK devolved nations, Canadian provinces and territories, US states, Brazilian states and major cities, and Indian states and union territories.
Why have the values that I downloaded last week changed?
Some indicators (and therefore, index values) will be changed retroactively. We aim to have a second pair of eyes review every data point in the OxCGRT. Inevitably, some things may be tweaked in this review process, leading to changes to past dates. We recommend you frequently download fresh data from OxCGRT, rather than relying on an old export.
Is there a more immediate way to visualise the data?
The team at Our World in Data present our live data in the choropleth maps on their page.
When is the data updated?
We update the data in weekly cycles, so if a country/region/territory changes a policy, it may take a few days for this to be reflected in the database.
When is the data updated?
We update the data in weekly cycles, so if a country/region/territory changes a policy, it may take a few days for this to be reflected in the database.
What happened to the API?
The API has been deprecated and is no longer actively maintained. We recommend users source OxCGRT data from Github instead.