Coronavirus Government Response Tracker

Governments are taking a wide range of measures in response to the COVID-19 outbreak. This tool aims to track and compare policy responses around the world, rigorously and consistently.

Update 6 August 2020
We've added the US states to our main dataset of all countries (which describes all policies affecting residents of a state). In addition, we have also published an additional secondary dataset on US states' responses to COVID-19. Read the new working paper and see the new US state-level dataset on GitHub.

The Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker (OxCGRT) systematically collects information on several different common policy responses that governments have taken to respond to the pandemic on 17 indicators such as school closures and travel restrictions. It now has data from more than 180 countries. The data is also used to inform a ‘Lockdown rollback checklist’ which looks at how closely countries meet four of the six World Health Organisation recommendations for relaxing ‘lockdown’.

Latest insights

Latest data

Stringency and policy indices

OxCGRT collects publicly available information on 17 indicators of government responses. Eight of the policy indicators (C1-C8) record information on containment and closure policies, such as school closures and restrictions in movement. Four of the indicators (E1-E4) record economic policies, such as income support to citizens or provision of foreign aid. Five of the indicators (H1-H5) record health system policies such as the COVID-19 testing regime or emergency investments into healthcare. 

The data from the 17 indicators is aggregated into a set of four common indices, reporting a number between 1 and 100 to reflect the level of government action on the topics in question:

  1. an overall government response index (which records how the response of governments has varied over all indicators in the database, becoming stronger or weaker over the course of the outbreak);
  2. a containment and health index (which combines ‘lockdown’ restrictions and closures with measures such as testing policy and contact tracing, short term investment in healthcare, as well investments in vaccine)
  3. an economic support index (which records measures such as income support and debt relief)
  4. as well as the original stringency index (which records the strictness of ‘lockdown style’ policies that primarily restrict people’s behaviour).

Note that these indices simply record the number and strictness of government policies, and should not be interpreted as ‘scoring’ the appropriateness or effectiveness of a country’s response. A higher position in an index does not necessarily mean that a country's response is ‘better’ than others lower on the index.

For data journalists and researchers

For media enquiries or interview requests, please contact Giulia Biasibetti.

Full national-level country data:

Recommended citation: Hale, Thomas, Sam Webster, Anna Petherick, Toby Phillips, and Beatriz Kira (2020). Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker, Blavatnik School of Government.

New Secondary US state-level data:
This is a secondary dataset that cannot be interpreted alongside our primary country data. The differences are outlined on the GitHub page.

Recommended citation: Thomas Hale, Tilbe Atav, Laura Hallas, Beatriz Kira, Toby Phillips, Anna Petherick, Annalena Pott. Variation in US states’ responses to COVID-19. Blavatnik School of Government.

Data use policy: Creative Commons Attribution CC BY standard. This data is provided free of charge. However, please consider contributing to the COVID-19 Fund for the World Health Organisation. You can also find out more about supporting the work of the Blavatnik School of Government.


Please note: this is an ongoing collation project of live data. If you see any inaccuracies in the underlying data, or for specific feedback on the analysis or another aspect of the project please contact us. The database was upgraded on 25 April and you can read the full details of what's changed as well as view the archived version of this dataset on GitHub.



Data is collected from public sources by a team of over one hundred Oxford University students and staff from every part of the world.

Research Assistants: Emily Cameron-Blake, Helen Tatlow, Laura Hallas, Saptarshi Majumdar.

Contributors to the project include: Aditya Lolla, Ahmed Safar, Alejandrina Cripovich, Alfredo Ortega, Alice Eddershaw, Andrea Garaiova, Andrea Klaric, Andrew Wood, Anjali Viswamohanan, Annalena Pott, Anupah Makoond Makoond, Arkar Hein, Babu Ahamed, Barbara Roggeveen, Beatriz Kira, Ben Luria, Benjamin Ignac, Blessing Oluwatosin Ajimoti, Camilla Sacchetto, Carolina Martinelli, Caroline Weglinski, Charlotte Rougier, Chloe Mayoux, Clara Pavillet, Connor Lyons, Dane Alivarius, Dario Moreira, Dita Listya, Eleanor Altamura, Elisabeth Mira Rothweiler, Emily Cameron-Blake, Fatima Zehra Naqvi, Femi Adebola, Finn Klebe, Francesca Lovell-Read, Francesca Valmorbida McSteen, Gabriel Podesta, Grace Mzumara, Guillermo Miranda, Hakeem Onasanya, Hala Sheikh Al Souk, Helen Tatlow, Huma Zile, Ifigenia Xifre Villar, Ilya Zlotnikov, Ingrid Maria Johansen, Innocent Mbaguta, Isabela Blumm, Jake Lerner, James Fox, James Green, Javier Pardo-Diaz, Jenna Hand, Jeroen Frijters, Jessica Anania, Joanna Klimczak, John Miller, Joseph Ssentongo, Juan David Gutierrez, Judy Cossins, Juhi Kore, Kaisa Saarinen, Kangning Zhang, Karoline Becker, Katherine Tyson, Katrina Marina, Kaushalya Gupta, Kristie Jameson, Lana Ahmad, Laura Chavez-Varela, Laura Hallas, Liliana Estrada Galindo, Lin Shi, Lione Alushula, Liu Yang (Victoria), Lore Purroy Sanchez, Louisa-Madeline Singer, Lucia Soriano, Lucy Goodfellow, Manikarnika Dutta Dutta, Marcela Reynoso Jurado, María de los Ángeles Lasa, Maria Paz Astigarraga Baez, Marianne Lafuma, Martina Lejtreger, Maurice Kirschbaum, Melody Leong, Michael Chen, Muktai Panchal, Nadia Nasreddin, Natalia Espinola, Negin Shahiar, Oksana Matiiash, Olga Romanova, Pamela Gongora, Paola Del Carpio Ponce, Paola Schietekat Sedas, Patricia Silva Castillo, Pollyana Lima, Priya Lakshmy Tbalasubramaniam, Priyanka Bijlani, Qingling Kong, Rene' Landers, Robert Gorwa, Robin Thompson, Safa Khan, Salim Salamah, Serene Singh, SeungCheol Ohk, Shabana Basij-Rasikh, Silvia Shen, Simphiwe Stewart, Siu Cheng, Sophie Pearlman, Stefaan Sonck Thiebaut, Syed Shoaib Hasan Rizvi, Tamoi Fujii, Tanyah Hameed, Tatsuya Yasui, Tebello Qhotsokoane, Teruki Takiguchi, Tetsekela Anyiam-Osigwe, Tim Nusser, Tiphaine Le Corre, Twan van der Togt, Uttara Narayan, William Dowling, William Hart, Yulia Taranova, Zoe Lin and Zunaira Mallick.

Project Info