Governments are taking a wide range of measures in response to the COVID-19 outbreak. This tool aims to track and compare policy responses around the world, rigorously and consistently.
The Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker (OxCGRT) systematically collects information on several different common policy responses that governments have taken to respond to the pandemic on 18 indicators such as school closures and travel restrictions. It now has data from more than 180 countries.
The data is also used to inform a Risk of Openness Index which aims to help countries understand if it is safe to ‘open up’ or whether they should ‘close down’ in their fight to tackle the coronavirus.
New England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales data is now included in the government response tracker. Read the UK nations working paper about how the nations have used their autonomy to implement and ease different restrictions.
New The latest working paper (October 2020) includes a new indicator, facial coverings (H6) which aims to track these policies implemented at different levels of stringency.
New Updated Risk of Openness Index (previously 'Lockdown Rollback Checklist') now published: see the research note. The index aims to help countries understand if it is safe to ‘open up’ or whether they should ‘close down’ in their fight to tackle the coronavirus. See the full dataset on GitHub.
OxCGRT collects publicly available information on 18 indicators of government responses. Eight of the policy indicators (C1-C8) record information on containment and closure policies, such as school closures and restrictions in movement. Four of the indicators (E1-E4) record economic policies, such as income support to citizens or provision of foreign aid. Six of the indicators (H1-H6) record health system policies such as the COVID-19 testing regime or emergency investments into healthcare.
The data from the 18 indicators is aggregated into a set of four common indices, reporting a number between 1 and 100 to reflect the level of government action on the topics in question:
an overall government response index (which records how the response of governments has varied over all indicators in the database, becoming stronger or weaker over the course of the outbreak);
a containment and health index (which combines ‘lockdown’ restrictions and closures with measures such as testing policy and contact tracing, short term investment in healthcare, as well investments in vaccine)
an economic support index (which records measures such as income support and debt relief)
as well as the original stringency index (which records the strictness of ‘lockdown style’ policies that primarily restrict people’s behaviour).
Note that these indices simply record the number and strictness of government policies, and should not be interpreted as ‘scoring’ the appropriateness or effectiveness of a country’s response. A higher position in an index does not necessarily mean that a country's response is ‘better’ than others lower on the index.
Recommended citation: Hale, Thomas, Noam Angrist, Emily Cameron-Blake, Laura Hallas, Beatriz Kira, Saptarshi Majumdar, Anna Petherick, Toby Phillips, Helen Tatlow, Samuel Webster (2020). Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker, Blavatnik School of Government.
New Secondary US state-level data:
This is a secondary dataset that cannot be interpreted alongside our primary country data. The differences are outlined on the GitHub page.
Interactive visualisations of each policy indicator are available at Our World in Data.
Data is collected from public sources by a team of over one hundred Oxford University students and staff from every part of the world.
Research Assistants: Emily Cameron-Blake, Helen Tatlow, Laura Hallas, Saptarshi Majumdar.
Contributors to the project: Aditya Lolla, Adrian Wang Xinting, Ahmed Safar, Aidana Arynbek, Alan Yang, Alejandrina Cripovich, Alejandro Franco, Aleksander Zagajewski, Alexander Mok, Alfredo Ortega, Alfredo Ortega Franco, Ali Arsalan Pasha Siddiqui, Alice Eddershaw, Aline Tognini, Alonso Moran de Romana, Amanda Costa, Anandam Sarcar, André Houang, André Parente Houang, Andrea Garaiova, Andrea Klaric, Andreea Anastasiu, Andrew Brown, Andrew Read, Andrew Wood, Andrey Krachkov, Anindita K. Listya, Anita Pant, Anjali Viswamohanan, Ann Hagen, Anna Bruvere, Anna Paula Ferrari Matos, Anna Petherick, Anna Welsh, Annalena Pott, Anneloes Hoff, Anthony Sudarmawan, Anupah Makoond, Arindam Sharma, Ariq Hatibie, Arkar Hein, Arthur Lau, Ayanna Griffith, Babu Ahamed, Bárbara Prado Simão, Barbara Roggeveen, Bárbara Simão, Beatriz Franco, Beatriz Kira, Ben Ignac, Ben Luria, Benjamin Ignac, Benjamin Parker, Benjamin Peart, Bilal Majeed, Bill McCluskey, Blessing Oluwatosin Ajimoti, Bolorerdene Battsengel, Bpriya Lakshmy Tbalasubramaniam, Bronwyn Gavine, Bugei Nyaosi, Camilla Sacchetto, Carla Almeida da Vila, Carolina Martinelli, Carolina Scherer Beidacki, Caroline Carthy, Caroline Weglinski, Cassy Inman, Celso Antônio Coelho Júnior, Changyu (Erin) Yan, Charlotte Newton, Charlotte Rougier, Chelsea Jackson, Chenxi Zhu, Chloë Mayoux, Christian Lumley, Christopher Yoannou, Clara Pavillet, Connor Lyons, Cristhian Pulido, Dan Fay, Dan Mocanu, Dane Alivarius, Dang Dao Nguyen, Daniel Pereira Cabral, Dao Nguyen, Dário Kuteev Moreira, Davi Mamblona Marques Romão, Davi Mancebo Fernandes, David Johnson, Dayane Ferreira, Déborah Palacio do Sacramento, Delgermaa Munkhgerel, Denilson Soares Gomes Junior, Derek Messling, Diane Brandt, Dita Listya, Dr Grace Mzumara, Edgar Picon-Prado, Edward Grey O'Brien, Edward O'Brien, Elaine Fung, Eleanor Altamura, Elena Terenzi, Elisa Codonho Premazzi, Elisabeth Mira Rothweiler, Elisangela Oliveira de Freitas, Ellen Sugrue, Emily Cameron-Blake, Emma Leonard, Emmanuel Mawuli Abalo, Eric Cheng, Erin Kanzig, Ethan Teo, Fabiana da Silva Pereira, Fatima Zehra Naqvi, Felipe Natil Martins Moreira, Felipe Paiva Pinto, Femi Adebola, Finn Klebe, Francesca Lovell-Read, Francesca Valmorbida McSteen, Gabriel de Azevedo Soyer, Gabriel Podesta, Garima Rana, Gauri Chandra, George Sheppard, Giulia Biasibetti, Grace Mzumara, Guilherme Ramos, Guillermo Miranda, Gulnoza Mansur, Hakeem Onasanya, Hakim Ronaque, Hala Sheikh Al Souk, Hang Yuan, Harikharan Krishnaraju, Heather Walker, Helen Tatlow, Helene Jow, Henrique Oliveira da Motta, Henry Annan, Hermann Fernandes Pais, Horácio Figueira de Moura Neto, Huma Zile, Hunter McGuire, Hyerean Yoo, Ifigenia Xifre Villar, Ilya Zlotnikov, Inaara Gulamhussen, Inaara Sundargy, India Clancy, Ingrid Maria Johansen, Innocent Mbaguta, Isabel Jorgensen, Isabel Seelaender Costa Rosa, Isabela Blumm, Iyone Agboraw, Jaime Weber, Jake Lerner, James Fox, James Green, Jason Larson, Javier Pardo-Diaz, Jeanna Kim, Jenna Hand, Jennifer Lim, Jeroen Frijters, Jessica Anania, Jialin Xi, Jiayi LI, Jilin Zeng, Jimmy Kwong, Joanna Klimczak, João Ferreira da Silva, João Gabriel de Paula Resende, João Pires Mattar, Johannes Dommnich, John Miller, Jorge Luis Revilla, Joris Jourdain, José Renato Venâncio Resende, Joseph Ssentongo, Joy Carveth, Juan David Gutierrez, Judy Cossins, Juhi Kore, Juliana Moura Bueno, Ka Yu Wong, Kaisa Saarinen, Kaitlyn Green, Kangning Zhang, Karoline Becker, Katherine McCreery, Katherine Tyson, Katrina Marina, Katy Aymar, Kaushal Jain, Kaushalya Gupta, Kelly Daniels, Kristie Jameson, Kumar Shastry, Lam Quynh Vo, Lama Khaiyat, Lana Ahmad, Larissa Cristina Margarido, Laura Angelica Chavez-Varela, Laura Chamberlain, Laura Chavez-Varela, Laura de Lisle, Laura dos Santos Boeira, Laura Hallas, Leana Diekmann, Leanne Giordono, Leimer Tejeda Frem, Leslie Fraser, Letícia Barbosa Plaza, Lian Najami, Liene Kaori Asahi Baptista, Liliana Estrada Galindo, Lin Shi, Lione Alushula, Liu Victoria Yang, Liviu Dimitriu, Lore Purroy Sanchez, Lorena G Barberia, Louisa-Madeline Singer, Lucas Tse, Lucia Soriano, Lucy Goodfellow, Luiz Eduardo Barbieri Bedendo, Luiz Guilherme Roth Cantarelli, Manikarnika Dutta Dutta, Manjit Nath, Marcela Mello Zamudio, Marcela Reynoso Jurado, Mareeha Kamran, María de los Ángeles Lasa, Maria Leticia Claro, Maria Luciano, Maria Paz Astigarraga Baez, Maria Puolakkainen, Mariam Raheem, Marianne Lafuma, Marie Mavrikios, Marília Camargo Miyashiro, Mark Boris Andrijanic, Mark Deakin, Marryam Ishaq, Marta Koch, Martha Stolze, Martina Lejtreger, Maryann Heil, Matheus Porto Lucena, Maurice Kirschbaum, Maurício Nardi Valle, Megan McDowell, Melody Leong, Michael Chen, Michelle Sharma, Mildred Aziengbe, Minah Rashad, Minsoo Bae, Miriam Pittalis, Monika Pyarali, Morgan Grobin, Moza Ackroyd, Muktai Panchal, Nadia Nasreddin, Nadine Dogbe, Natalia Brigagão, Natália Colvero Maraschin, Natália de Paula Moreira, Natalia Elizabeth Espinola Lopez, Nathaniel Dolton-Thornton, Natsuno Shinagawa, Negin Shahiar, Nicole Guedes Barros, Nicole Gump, Nikhil Tekwani, Noam Angrist, Nomondalai Batjargal, Oksana Matiiash, Olga Romanova, Olivia Route, Pamela Gongora Salazar, Paola Del Carpio Ponce, Paola Schietekat Sedas, Paraskevas Christodoulopoulos, Patricia Silva Castillo, Paul Lawson, Pedro Arcain Riccetto, Pedro Ferreira Baccelli Reis, Pedro Santana Schmalz, Phyu Phyu Thin Zaw, Pollyana LIma, Pollyana Pacheco Lima, Prabhakar Chandramouli, Prakrit Prasad, Precious Oluwadara Olajide, Prianka Rao, Primrose Adjepong, Priya Lakshmy Tbalasubramaniam, Priyanka Bijlani, Purna Chandra Panda, Qingling Kong, Quynh Lam Vo (Lam), Rafael Goldszmidt, Rahima Hanifa, Rancy Chadha, Randy Taufik, Raveena Joseph, Raymond Pottebaum, Rene Landers, Rhona Rahmani, Ricardo Miranda Rocha Leitao, Richard Florance, Richard James Chapler, Jr., Robert Gorwa, Robin Thompson, Rodrigo Furst de Freitas Accetta, Rose Wachuka Macharia, Rotimi Elisha Alao, Rushay Naik, Ruwa Mahdi, Saba Mahmood, Safa Khan, Salim Salamah, Sam Webster, Samson Leung, San Jameson, Sandra Sajeev, Saptarshi Majumdar, Sara Sethia, Sasidhar Gali, Scott McCullers, Sena Pradipta, Serene Singh, Seun B. Adebayo, SeungCheol Ohk, Seungeun Yi, Shabana Basij-Rasikh, Shannon Smith, Shoaib Khan, Silvia Shen, Simon Powell, Simphiwe Stewart, Siu Cheng, Sophie Pearlman, Stefaan Sonck Thiebaut, Stephanie Guyett, Susan Degnan, Syed Shoaib Hasan Rizvi, Sze Tung Lam, Tamoi Fujii, Tanyah Hameed, Tatianna Mello Pereira da Silva, Tatsuya Yasui, Tebello Qhotsokoane, Teresa Soter Henriques, Terrence Epie, Teruki Takiguchi, Tetsekela Anyiam-Osigwe, Theo Bernard, Thomas Boby, Thomas Rowland, Tilbe Atav, Tim Nusser, Tiphaine Le Corre, Tiwa Ighomuaye, Toby Phillips, Tom Hale, Tom Rowland, Trevor Edobor, Twan van der Togt, Ulla Mikkelsen, Ulrike Gruber-Gremlich, Uttara Narayan, Veronique Gauthier, Walter Vinicius Ribeiro Cancelieri, Will Marshall, William Dowling, William Hart, Winni Yang, Xema Pathak, Yaowen Deng, Yotam Vaknin, Yulia Taranova, Yuxi Zhang, Zachary Parsons, Zara Abdurahaman, Zara Raheem, Zelie Kasten, Zile Huma, Zilin Tu, Zoe Lin, Zoha Minal Imran, Zongyue Liu, Zunaira Mallick