COVID-19 Government Response Tracker

Governments are taking a wide range of measures in response to the COVID-19 outbreak. This tool aims to track and compare policy responses around the world, rigorously and consistently.

State troopers carry out COVID tests

About the project

The Oxford Covid-19 Government Response Tracker (OxCGRT) collects systematic information on policy measures that governments have taken to tackle COVID-19. The different policy responses are tracked since 1 January 2020, cover more than 180 countries and are coded into 23 indicators, such as school closures, travel restrictions, vaccination policy. These policies are recorded on a scale to reflect the extent of government action, and scores are aggregated into a suite of policy indices. The data can help decision-makers and citizens understand governmental responses in a consistent way, aiding efforts to fight the pandemic.

Since 2021, most governments have applied differentiated policies to the vaccinated and non-vaccinated people. We have incorporated such policies in 10 of our indicators. The latest version of our core working paper (BSG-WP-2020/032) provides more information on methodology and data collection.

Latest insights

  • IMPORTANT NOTICE: Major data changes. From 27 July 2022 we are implementing major data changes to the whole dataset to incorporate different policies applying to vaccinated and non-vaccinated people. This will result in breaking changes to the main .csv files, and the addition of new .csv files containing all differentiated data. A summary of these changes can be found on our GitHub repository. Apart from changes to variable names, our main dataset is now split into national and subnational files, all of which can be found in our data folder.
  • Download this PDF which explains the upcoming changes in more detail.

Credits

Credit for media use (CC BY License): Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker, Blavatnik School of Government, University of Oxford.

Recommended reference for academic publications: Thomas Hale, Noam Angrist, Rafael Goldszmidt, Beatriz Kira, Anna Petherick, Toby Phillips, Samuel Webster, Emily Cameron-Blake, Laura Hallas, Saptarshi Majumdar, and Helen Tatlow. (2021). “A global panel database of pandemic policies (Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker).” Nature Human Behaviour. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-021-01079-8

Data use policy: Creative Commons Attribution CC BY standard. This data is provided free of charge. However, please consider contributing to the COVID-19 Fund for the World Health Organization. You can also find out more about supporting the work of the Blavatnik School of Government.

Project Info

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Ongoing

Our data

Download the latest datasets and timeseries data and read about the different versions of the dataset.

Refer to our codebook and coding interpretation guide when consulting or using our datasets.

Our core working paper (BSG-WP-2020/032) provides more information on methodology and data collection. The data is collected by a team of hundreds of volunteers around the world from the Oxford community and is updated continuously. We produce monthly regional reports providing a snapshot of shifts in government responses to COVID-19.

Indicators

OxCGRT collects publicly available information on 21 live indicators (and 3 retired indicators) of government response. For C1-C8, H6 and H8, it takes into account different policies in place for vaccinated and non-vaccinated people.

  • Containment and closure policies (indicators C1-C8) record information on containment and closure policies, such as school closures and restrictions in movement.
  • Economic policies (indicators E1-E4) record economic policies, such as income support to citizens or provision of foreign aid.
  • Health system policies (indicators H1-H8) record health system policies such as the COVID-19 testing regime, emergency investments into healthcare and most recently, vaccination policies.
  • Vaccine policies (indicators V1-4) record vaccination policies: a country’s prioritisation list, eligible groups, cost of vaccination to the individual, and the presence of a vaccine mandate. This was in partnership with Oxford Martin School.

Please note: we have recently stopped updating data on our E3, E4, and H4 fiscal indicators. The data for these indicators will still be present in the CSV files, but they just are not being actively updated beyond August 2021. We do still plan to actively keep the H5 fiscal indicators (government investment in vaccine research) updated over time.

Policy indices

To help make sense of the data, we have produced four indices that aggregate the data into a single number from 0-100. This is a measure of how many of the relevant indicators a government has acted upon, and to what degree. The index cannot say whether a government's policy has been implemented effectively. For more information refer to our index methodology.

Each index now has four different versions that account for how policies differ between vaccinated and non-vaccinated populations: vaccinated, non-vaccinated, weighted average, and simple average.

  • Overall government response index
    The index records how the response of governments has varied over all indicators in the database, becoming stronger or weaker over the course of the outbreak. It is calculated using all ordinal indicators.
  • Containment and health index
    The index combines ‘lockdown’ restrictions and closures with measures such as testing policy and contact tracing, short term investment in healthcare, as well investments in vaccines. It is calculated using all ordinal containment and closure policy indicators and health system policy indicators.
  • Stringency index
    The index records the strictness of ‘lockdown style’ policies that primarily restrict people’s behaviour. It is calculated using all ordinal containment and closure policy indicators, plus an indicator recording public information campaigns.
  • Economic support index
    The index records measures such as income support and debt relief. It is calculated using all ordinal economic policies indicators.

Note that these indices simply record the number and strictness of government policies, and should not be interpreted as ‘scoring’ the appropriateness or effectiveness of a country’s response. A higher position in an index does not necessarily mean that a country's response is ‘better’ than others lower on the index.

Subnational data

In addition to country-level data, our separate data folders additionally include some subnational data. So far we have incorporated data for Brazilian states, Canadian provinces and territories, Chinese provinces, UK devolved nations, and US states into the dataset.

Subnational data can be interpreted using our main codebook and our subnational data interpretation guidance.

Visualisations

You can view interactive data visualisations of country data or heat map over time. The most recent versions of charts and maps are all available on Github.

Interactive visualisations of each policy indicator are available at Our World in Data.

 

Feedback

Please note: this is an ongoing collation project of live data. If you see any inaccuracies in the underlying data, or for specific feedback on the analysis or another aspect of the project please contact us. The database was upgraded on 27 July and you can read the full details of what's changed as well as view the archived version of this dataset on GitHub.

Mailing list

You can also sign up to receive technical updates about the dataset and API at our technical mailing list

Overview

Project team

View all contributors to the project

Data is collected from public sources by a team of more than 600 Oxford University students and staff from every part of the world.

Contributing team: 

Adil Sayeed, Helen Tatlow, Clea Boorman, Emily Cameron-Blake, Tina Chim, Inaara Sundargy, Zongyue Liu, Swathi Rayasam, Adam Wade, Precious Oluwadara Olajide, Jessica Anania, Maria de los Angeles Lasa, Michelle Sharma, Rahima Hanifa, Laura Chamberlain, Shoaib Khan, Anthony Sudarmawan, Erin Kanzig, Annalena Pott, Tim Nusser, Monika Pyarali, Henry Annan, Farah Sayad, Thays Marques, Ayanna Griffith, Tiwa Ighomuaye, Caroline Weglinski, India Clancy, Simon Powell, Kaitlyn Green, Veronique Gauthier, Elena Terenzi, Camilla, Sacchetto, Zoha Imran, Annamarie Candler, Caroline Bendl, Nathaniel Dolton-Thornton, Marryam Ishaq, Sandhya Laping, Zara Abdurahaman, Laura Boeria, David Johnson, Aidana Arynbek, Felipe da Silva Santos, Toluwanimi Adeyanju, Rancy Chadha, Laura de Lisle, Ehsan, Rafian, Andrew Read, Vinicius Tadeu Silverio dos Santos, Sakina Bano Mendha, Tetsekela Anyiam-Osigwe, Laura Hallas, Quynh Lam Vo, Jorge Luis Revilla, San Jameson, Stephanie Guyett, Maria Luciano, Yuan Zhou, Miriam Pittalis, Helene Jow, Maryann Heil, India Clancy, Melissa Toh, Maria Luisa Piatti, Andrew Wood, Andrew Brown, Jamie Weber, Caitlin Sarro, Kelly Daniels, Ariq Hatibie, Marilia Camargo Miyashiro, Julia Sampaio, Luiza Szczerbacki Castello Branco, Giulia Vicentini, Jennifer Lim, Wei Sean Melvin Ting, Gemma Mortell, Jonathan David Roberts, Joan Coloma, Kaitlyn Green, Minsoo Bae, Lucy Goodfellow, Seung Eun Yi, Nicholas Wan, Lucas Andre Grejo Almendra, Huma Zile, Christian Lumley, Rachelle Koch, Tayna Mendes, Abeba Aleka Kebede, Ye Chen, Jianing Han, Tamoi Fujii, Radhika Nagesh, Tatsuya Yasui, Fuji Jauhari, Katherine McCreery, Fan Su, Weijia Shen, Richard Florance, Naol Belema Gemechu, Alfie Killigrew, Aline Tognini, Anneloes Hoff, Jess Barreto, Andrew Rapp, Zachary Parsons, Sandra Sajeev, Ziqi Zhou, Jianjun Wu, Bat-Orgil Bat-Erdene, Zhiying Yan, Shoko Miyahara, Andrey Krachkov, Hunter McGuire, Julia Sawatzky, Alina Romani Pozo, Pedro Riquelme Gonzalez, Pablo Bertin, Saba Mahmood, Mariami Jintcharadze, Marina Fernandes Bispo de Siqueira, Alice Cavalieri, Eric Cheng, Teresa Soter, Fatima Bello, Ayla Mueen, Jackline Jessica, Aditya Lolla, Moza Ackroyd, Bruna Maria da Silva Ruys, Felipe Rodrigues Monteiro, Faith Njeri Nyaga, Rodrigo Furst, Elisa Codonho Premazzi, Johannes Dommnich, Vijay Krishna Palepu, Ursula Panzner, Ana Lucia Villagran, Liz Gomes Ribeiro, Liene Baptista, Liviu Dimitriu, Jiayi Li, Hao Zha, Irena Emilia Svilpe, Arlette Misengabu Kayembe, Stefaan Sonck Thiebaut, Diogo Mussalem Smethurst, Jiayun Wang, Ke Xu, Ellen Sugrue, Nina Desgranges, Jueun Ro, Babu Ahamed, Yuxi Zhang, Shannon Smith, Clarissa Lim, Kristen Oliveira, Yuzhen Chen, Chigozie John Nwachukwu, Qin Li, Clara Portwood, Kurt Sant, Cynthia Waliaula, Samuel Smith, Beatriz Franco, Mirava Yuson, Dorothee Sartorius, Waasae Ayyaz, Abigail Lourdes Contreiras Martinez, Safa Atitalla, Grace Mzumara, Joao Gabriel de Paula Resende, Delia Tenaglia, Chloe Axford, Joohee Uhm, Dagny Ahrend, Akhila Kadgathur Jayaram, Jinyuan Wang, Anne Hahn, Zelie Kasten, Thomas Benson, Linrui Zhong, Arianna Marcolin, Nada Vidyattama, Landers Rene, Mariam Raheem, Joao Pires Mattar, Larissa Cristina Margarido, Jeremy Ng, Sagar Grewal, Reed Rothe, Tomas Listrani, Francesca Valmorbida McSteen, Elaine Fung, Marwa Ghoname, Kevin Parham, Victoria Leurino, Anna Jang, Simphiwe Stewart, Lucy Ellen, Bruno Nunes Siufi, Johanna Elliott, Taylor Keating, Hui Zhou, Zijia Tan, Camille Bedard-Gauthier, Alex Zhuang, Athira Zuhaira Ahmad Yusri, Alexander Collin, Cristiane Pereira, Chantelle Khoo, Qinyu Wang, John Bervin Galang, Okorie Chinagorom Ogbonnaya, Kristie Jameson, Horacio Neto, Barbora Bacyte, Dar-Yin Li, Camille Leblanc-Martineau, Maria Rocio Clark, Rui'an Cong, Alan An, William Kemp, Omkar Ekbote, Olivia Cowie, Paola Schietekat Sedas, Anna Bruvere, Jilin Zeng, Yuxin Ma, Daniela Mayerova, Luma Mundin Costa, Heili Poolsaar, Xinlu Tian, Dilkini Siriwardana, Katherine Burton, Larissa Vella, Fong Ting MA, Oksana Matiiash, Matheus Lucena, Natalia Colvero Maraschin, Anandam Sarcar, Shiwen Lai, Kelly Kon, Alexandra Boothroyd, Brittany James, Li Luyang, Beatriz Kira, Ingrid Maria Johansen, Gabriella Henrique Targino Monteiro, Yexuan Zhu, Anthony Michael Hachem, Manikantha Nataraj, Emanuelle Louise Bordallo Quintanilha, Christian Oko, Guillermina Mayorca, Yintong Liu, Mariana Guedes, Elena Sheard, Kate Koliha, Paola Del Carpio Ponce, Edward O'Brien, Barbara Prado Simao, Nicole Gump, Prabhakar Chandramouli, Jonathan Smith, Jennifer Gunther, Katiana dos Santos Telefora, Anna Malandrino, Bianca Alves Almeida Souza, Onechojo Reuben Ocheja, Lauren Allison, Alex Lap Ting Cheuk, Ashraf Marasharin, James Fox, Silvia Shen, William Dowling, Natalia Brigagao, Leslie Fraser, Shubo Zhang, Leticia Figueiredo Collado, Xin Li, yifei Xiao, Zixin Xu, Zixin Grace Lin, Olga Romanova, Katrina Marina, Anna Welsh, Jimmy Kwong, Edmund Derby, Suganthan Asokan, Praveen Rajendran, Hannah Klim, Rachel Chiang, Aysegul Elbasi, Christian Ferreiro, Ankit Raj, Adel Molnar, Luiza Fonseca de Souza, Ana Catarina Baptista, Hany Khalifa Mahmoud, Anila Jose, Onche Emmanuel Philip, Will Torness, Laura Gaudoin, Shirui Zhou, Syed Shoaib Hasan Rizvi, Nadia Nasreddin, Chenxi Zhu, Bill McCluskey, Yaowen Deng, Israa Mohammed, Yanying Lin, Jinmeng Zhang, Yiwen Zhang, Renee Yu, Yusuff Adebayo Adebisi, Oluoma Agiri, Zhou Yue, Wang Yuanzhuo, Marco Cokic, Ying Kei Ma, Femi Adebola, Saptarshi Majumdar, Randy Taufik, Jai Wei, Jes Schultz, Maria Clara Leme de Oliveira, Jun Zhang, Daniel Pereira da Costa, Michael Ugochukwu Anyanwu, Liu Yang, Seun Adebayo, Leana Diekmann, Yiwen Sun, Rachel Dixon, Ziyue Chen, Longmei Deng, Ana Luiza Albuquerque, Guillaume Gaillard, Yihang Liu, Kou Jimei, Hannah DeBacker, Ruibiao Zhu, Raymond Zhang, Sharmi Haque, Kar Chong Low, Kaisa Saarinen, Carolina Martinelli, Marianne Lafuma, Cristhian Pulido, Yinqiu Zheng, Tania Calle, Himangshu Kumar, Yifan Pei, Evan DeTurk, Akhil Rayasam, Kristy Debono, Liza Brachtendorf, Eleanor Raj, Fiona Zhong, Kess Rowe, Asanti Gurre, Fareedah Oredola, Nathan Tan, Anita Pant, Henrique Motta, Gabriel Zemuner Paiva Rossini, Stephen Hayes, Benjamin Farias, Ayan Habane, Katrina Aguila, Ruolan Xie, Andrea Salhuana Bellodas, Fernanda Bouzan Cardoso, Qianwen Ren, Fang Wu, Rojan Joshi, Apoorva Mehta, Justine Pfitzner, Treasure Udechukwu, Mehdi Bennis, Maurice Kirschbaum, Clara Pavillet, Andrea Garaiova, Katherine Tyson, Ethan Teo, Purna Panda, Judy Nguyen, Haiming Wu, Yuxin Pu, Ariana Detmar, Phillip Kim, Sharon Farrell, Mikhela Bayes, Fernanda Assuncao Tiraboschi, Lijun Wang, Yibei He, Loraine Choo, Clark Upton Myers, He Jiaxin, Xuewei He, Lucas Damasio Faggiani, Natalia Espinola, Primrose Adjepong, Anupah Makoond Makoond, Maheera Kamran, Ann Hagen, Andrew Lupati, Kalani Paranagama, Maurice Odiwuor, Xueyan Liu, Bo Jia, Sophie Guillaumat, Joy Chen, Ana Lorena Guerrero, Guanghan Gao, Shabana Basij-Rasikh, Carla Vila, Davi Mancebo Fernandes, Adrian Wang Xinting, Shane Fitzsimons, Michelle Chan, Jiayi Deng, Qiyuan Dong, Qianyi Ye, Yixin Xu, Marcelle Costa Marinho, Xiangyun Ren, Anushka Shah, Mariana Lima Maia, Leonie Lam, Roy Barnes, Zhi Yuan Ho, Nicolas Pulik, Lingsyuan Huang, Noureddine Radouai, Jinheon Baek, Maria Andrade, Jenna Hand, Michael Chen, Cassy Inman, Zara Raheem, Morgan Grobin, Viviane de Assis Ignacio, Scott Latham, Tais Pelinson Gomes da Silva, Alice Secheresse, Siqi Liu, Hana Dole, Margie Morrison, Suryodeep Mondal, Muhammad Ali, Natasha Priyadarshini, Yuwei Wang, Katherine Klemperer, Nao Ogura, Isabela Gomes Pereira, Mariana Emy Adati, Hannah Dawson, Akeemat Ayinla, Stephanie Buhle, Xin-Ci Lum, Ben Luria, Alejandrina Cripovich, Jake Lerner, Judy Cossins, Joy Carveth, Frederic Michaelsen, Liu Zhang, Zhengyu Zhang, Joao Monteiro, Keliang Zeng, Ubah Daahir, Atharva Deshmukh, Simran Kapoor, Hartley Dutczak, Edson Maia Villela Filho, Esther Bosede Ilesanmi, Qi Qi, Maximilian Magnacca Sancho, Bethel Zerai Gebremedhin, Bayleigh Jefferson, Sam Webster, Twan vanderTogt, Tiphaine Le Corre, Anjali Viswamohanan, Tilbe Atav, Marie Mavrikios, Thiago William Pereira Barcelos, Chuyun Dai, Mariana Costa Oliveira Morais, Fiona Hsu, Sasha Roberts, Julie Laura Mermet, Hailey Myers, Yasmin de Sousa Pinheiro, Pranav Bhatia, Xiaoyue Zhong, Bernard Lao, Anna Casey, Francisco Olivero, Mattia Casula, Gleice Kelly Donato Neves, Jin Zhanyu, Olena Skrypnikova, Leyan Liang, Yang Zhao, Qinli Lin, Yue Zhang, Maclawrence Famuyiwa, Marcela Reynoso Jurado, Alfredo Ortega, Karoline Becker, Rushay Naik, Megan McDowell, Will Marshall, Hakim Ronaque, Matilde Stronell, Paul Anderson, Meskerem Aleka Kebede, Xinrui Wang, Yishan Yuan, Lila Klein, Mariana Resende, Jonathan Chan, Rafael Silva, Grace Xu, Annika Browne, Jodie Elms, Kiitan Bolajoko, Pham Thao Ly Nguyen, Augusto Guajardo, Jinghuan Ma, Jiahao Zhao, Yujin Kim, Ojonugwa Abubakar, Selam Iyasu, Zicheng Mai, Sidney Chung, Zejing Wu, Jiayi Zhang, Gabrielly Goncalves de Lima Dal Pozzo, Tatiani Schmitt, Larissa Maria da Silva Guimaraes, Niki Ziai, Julia Paoli, Yuyin Yao, Priyanka Bijlani, Maria Puolakkainen, Nicole Barros, Ruwa Mahdi, Ulla Mikkelsen, Thomas Stubbs, Matheus Ricardo Goncalves Barbosa, Juliet O'Brien, Mikafui Dzotsi, Mahita Yerramsetti, Andrew Wagner, Catherine O'Donnell, Camila Fernanda Ugaz Rojas, Enyuan Zhang, Clarissa Fisher, Dhruv Shetty, Melissa Leon Pons, Isabela Abade Granzieri, Anika Buch, Piyasha Chowdhury, Maeve Rolland, Nina Acharya, Sam Aboubacar Coulibaly, Lilian Achieng Owino, Emily Huang, Weiyi Zhang, Emily Milan, Qi Zhou, Wenqing Wu, Oluwaseun Odusanwo, Sabrina Nanua, Carla Danielli Fonseca, Hin Yeung, Alexandre Duponcheele, Xinyi Cui, Luyang Liu, Iyone Agboraw, Dane Alivarius, Francesca Lovell-Read, Sophie Pearlman, Hakeem Onasanya, Nadine Dogbe, Zilin Tu, Denilson Soares Gomes Junior, Charlie Newton, Paul Lawson, David McKinnon, Alice Graham, Isabella Borges Avila, Marcelo Arruda Candido, Debora Nery Schwartz, Xingyue, Malin Bornemann, Callum Ryan, Maebh Gallagher, Maria Luiza Barreto Cazumba, Daphne Nakawesi, Eera Fatima Bangi, Kala Pham, Tamaghn Kasibhatta, Yago Evangelista Tavares de Souza, Weiyi Huang, Morgan Woods, Joseph Hudson, Du Yanrong, Jessica Liana, Claire Chiang, Thin Pa Pa Hlaing, Callum Rodgers, Linchen Xie, Karolina Helnarska, Juan David Gutierrez, Manikarnika Dutta Dutta, Dang Dao Nguyen, Andre Houang, Sasidhar Gali, Qing Yang, Shelly Lim, Jaykumar, Nasra Habane, Jack Kendrick, Anahi Alvarez-Amaro, Maha Al-Areeqi, Ziya Utku Karadeniz, Yanjun Lu, Luiz Philipe de Souza Ferreira, Digvijay Uddhav Patil, Martina Eleonora Podesta, Jueqiong Zhao, Kashvi Chandok, Muhammad Ali Shah, Uma Mani, Charlotte Hsu, Mai Sugimoto, Manav Mutneja, Lily McCrohan, Elinor Tsen, Sanjeev Sabhlok, Louisa-Madeline Singer, Joanna Klimczak, Juhi Kore, Thomas Hale, Hyerean Yoo Kang, Gaia Lisi, Nicole Nanci, Haiyun Deng, Yizhou Pan, Katie Tehas, Ashton Wagner, Junu Shrestha, Will Bennett, Juliana Bueno Refundini, Onkar, Tayo Adefolalu, Zihan Zhang, Memuna Rashid, Maria Henriquez, Madelyn Flowers, Nicole Guedes, Xiaoyi Ren, Ruel Beresford, Adava Eneze, Yiran Fan, Leena Watakul, Xisen Wang, FinnLukas Klebe, Tanyah Hameed, Muktai Panchal, Kaushalya Gupta, Alonso Moran, Benjamin Parker, Natasha Aldulaimi, Francesco Moiraghi, Gutam Dambekodi, Andrey Krachkov, Carolina Medeiros, Thayla Bicalho Bertolozzi, Baoqing Jiang, Brenda Gonzalez, Saba Ajwat Ul-Hasan, Lorna Thomas, Maeve Bognini, Matej Bilik, Charankamal Padda, Reham Aamir, Alexis Rakochy, Zainab Apalara, Ekin Aksoy, Sandya Krishna, Mila Lonnqvist, Melody Leong, Charlotte Rougier, Laura Chavez-Varela, Isabel Rosa, Thomas Rowland, Harikharan Krishnaraju, Mateus Henrique Muller, Juliana Novaes, Henrique Aguiar, Rayssa Deps Bolelli, Victoria Cavero, Wenxuan Zhou, Beatric Cuellar, Hamsini Nathan, Emerson Nairon, Thomas Mbuotidem Jeremiah, Julia Abrahao Homsi, Sruthi Kallivalapil Surendran, Morgan Taylor, Zachariah Coleman, Alaa Dafallah, Hannah Lintener, Zhiru Li, Cheng Tan, Hairong Wang, Jade Pichard, Rachel Choy, Hamna Malik, Ana Paula Pereira dos Passos, Ratu Sumampow, Jessica Pulipaka, Kristina Nguyen, Luisa Benevides de Barros, William Hart, Toby Phillips, Salim Salamah, Isabela Blumm, Ahmed Safar, Priya Lakshmy Tbalasubramaniam, Blessing Ajimoti, Alice Eddershaw, Nikhil Parmanand Tekwani, Theo Bernard, Ulrike Gruber-Gremlich, Scott McCullers, Samson Leung, Hannah Tsang, Tse Hiu Hung, Maxime Bourdier, Jay Harley, Siyan Jiang, Maria Carolina Cavalcante Flores Gachido, Madalyn Coburn, Mark Chao, Maya Harwood, Dora Illei, Athena Zeng, Elyse Dewbre, Paul Dairo, Shengchang Zhang, Asiya Kamber Zaidi, Yuan Fang, Mayra Luiza Pinheiro da Silva, Fatima Lopez Grela, Catalina Galuzzi, Marianna Panteli, Thomas Hodgson, Lama Gaafar, Medha Tirumalai, Rebecca Muller, Milagros Isabel Fernandez, Keziah Owusu-Attuahene, Paolo Marzi, Rita Rasoa, Abigail Chen, Alice Worsley, Ruby Hynes, Yu Wen Wong, Emmanuella Okonkwo, Chloe Mayoux, Kong Qingling, Katy Aymar, Martina Lejtreger, Guilherme Ramos, Polly Lima, Daniel Cabral, Pedro Arcain, Safa Khan, Ifigenia Xifrevillar, Arthur Lau, Jeanna Kim, Diane Brandt, Leticia de Araujo Dias, Liere Gonzalez Yubero, Thomas Castanheira Manfrinatti, Francesca Basile, Alice Vodden, Zixuan Fu, Rheanna Patel, Mateus Bernardes dos Santos, Beatriz Pioltine Macedo Costato, Sarah Umandap, Leen Aghabi, Puja Satish, Ergon Cugler de Moraes Silva, Varsha Reddy, Neenah Young, Stefan Holzheuser, Claudia Sedano, Sonya Amin, Prathna Srivastava, Zachary Adnane, Simran Jain, Rupsa Basak, Ana Virginia Lira Flor, Samuel Li, Cassandra Akinde, Agatha Picetti Goncalves da Silva, Xing Ann Ewe, Helen Henderson, Anouka Saha, Sofiane Kouadria, Thuy An Pham, Emmanuel Benyeogor, Marya Shariq, Amit Kumar Mehto, Yuwei Wu, Shalvi Thakur, Kylee Ladner, Vanilda Chaves, Carlin Chen, Lennox Hemingway, Oheema Kwakyi, Nellie Thomson, Rachel Peh, Wang Wanying, Arkar Hein, Connor Lyons, Lione Alushula, John Miller, Teruki Takiguchi, Joao Silva, Caroline Frassao, Nathan Felipe Caetano da Silva, Bruno Stucchi, Bruno da Cunha de Oliveira, Dun S Zheng, Mohima Sultana, Peter Dunlap, Charles Pinon, Xingyan Lin, Abigail Escobar, Marlene Munoz, Maria Amador, Joanne Navales, Aneesa Khan, Patrick Rehill, Lei Wang, Vedant Shukla, Murray Steel, Alex Chen, Alex Qin, Luke Mallett, Kamile Kukleryte, Quoc Nguyen, Anuki Edirisinghe, Ramatu Abdul Hamid Alhassan, Colette Morlino, Wenjie Xie, Leanardo Puleo, Gargi Thakur, Liz Gleeson, Aaryaman Bhalla, Hewan Kifle, Yue Jian, Agustin Blasco, Raphael de Magalhaes Cutrim, Ruibin Liu, Iqra Amin, Zunaira Mallick, Guillermo Miranda Cuestas, Anindita K. Listya, Prianka Rao, Isabela Blumm, Ricardo Miranda Rocha Leitao, Sena Pradipta, Rotimi Elisha Alao, Mauricio Nardi, Jade Xi, Guilherme Macedo, Carlos Danquer, Kasia Whitaker, Luyao Ren, Dan Grinevics, Mira Kovalsky, Euler De Leon, Sherilyn Nguyen, Eustace Ohuakanwa, Harish Srinivasan, Giulia Bonora, James Yan, Mayank Mawar, Sara Hashim, Simon Birk, Samuel Kidane, Nan Chen, Martina Di Folco, Mariano Marotta, Arisa Sadeghpour, Yi Zhou, Kong Phui Yi, Daniela Quiroga, Federico Holm, Mathilde Berghmans, Blaire Ng, Im Chiew Ng, Queen Ugochinyere Alu, Akanksha Bhatia, Briana Owirodu, Bassem Chakroun, Emily Lane, Hyunsik Kim, Karthik Venkudusamy, Tiffanie Cao, Eleandra Maria Prigol Meneghini, Rose Avient, Konstantinos Tsampalas, Deepak Dayal, Aida Tsegezab Gebregergis, Lu Paloma, Tong Si, Ashleigh Shipton, Cerelia Yoong Yue, Negin Shahiar, Lin Shi, Uttara Narayan, Anna Petherick, Lama Khaiyat, Marta Koch, Luiz Eduardo Barbieri Bedendo, Mildred Aziengbe, Walter Vinicius Ribeiro Cancelieri, Jason Larson, Christopher Yoannou, Matheus Mariano, Zilin Tu, Joao Claudio Faria Machado, Hatim Hussain, Shannon Murray, Kimberly Ngo, Victoria Cantu, Dayou Ren, Kareena Shokar, Gaya, Roxana Tatiana Flores Ibarra, Uyen Le, Antonio Terrazas, Khanh Vy Bui, Devon Tompane, Pamela Quevedo Joia Duarte da Costa, Grace Buchen, Joao Paulo de Jesus Martins, Cornelia Santoso, James Balzer, Hong Zeng, Rishabh Lorhray, Seth Howes, Samuel Gild, Kiara Asuzu, Rupali Chowdhry, Omnia Hamza Farah Hamza, Sifan Chen, Helene Lovell, Anusha Wani, Allison Yu, Max Babus, Leo Ruesche, Kaitlyn Lee, Anagha Tirumalai, Aneri Shah, Luke Muschialli, Bethany Rodgers, Huiting Tan, Lingxi Li, Kate Skinner, Elizabeth Adeyemo, Hussein Kamal, Hayley Kunde, Fatima Zehra Naqvi, Yulia Taranova, Eleanor Altamura, Tebello Qhotsokoane, Lana Ahmad, Pamela Gongora, George Sheppard, Anna Matos, Carolina Beidacki, Ben Ignac, Isabel Jorgensen, Ray Pottebaum, Elisangela Oliveira de Freitas, Kaushal Jain, Ursule Demael, Lucy Dixon, Daniela Ferraz Bertholini, Ben Weber, Mayra Henrique de Melo, Thomas Birdseye, Eshitha Vaz, Roda Mohammed, Jasmine Anand, Constanza Urdaneta Romano, Anonymous Camel, Luiz Gustavo Machado Cruz, Alisha Sood, Janine Felicia Reasonda, Suin Jang, Ahad Kesaria, Yueying Zhang, Arsalaan Asad, Jonty Redman, Thi Yen Chi Nguyen, Danae Nicosia, Carolina Rota, Akane Fujimoto, Emma Baubly, Israel Kates, John Okon, Getu Kusa Wakoya, Satoko Matsukawa, Kamaryn Tanner, Jacob Appelbaum, Emmanuel Idenyi, Yihan Wang, Shi Huajie, Shoshanna So, David McMillan, Esraa Elnaiem, Ziarla Mae Malabanan, Pragya Chaube, Cyndelle Kwabi, Fenyu Hsu, Vedika Pillai, Isabella Xu, Tanya Sethi, Tim McGowan, Sophie Bustamente, Salma Youssef, Yaning Su, Yan Xinyu, Maia Harris, Giullia Marques Thomaz Ferreira, Gabriel Podesta, Patricia Silva Castillo, Liliana Estrada Galindo, Noam Angrist, David Romao, Dan Mocanu, Leticia Plaza, Prakrit Prasad, Samantha Harris, Katarzyna Jaroszewicz, Yao Zhang, Shannon Costello, Armand Patel, Isra Ahmed, Justin Zhang, Tianjing Liu, Treyce Money, Marco Aurelio Mayer Duarte Neto, Riya Gandhi, Lizbeth Leija, Leah-Shai Torres, Sage Buchanan, Caroline Pastrano, Kirandeep Bal, Siddharth. K Prakash, Yun Zhu, Clara Wardi, Fabricio Motta, Taylor Qin, Reina Li, Nethra Subramanian, Alexander Trousdale, Ashley Gilliam, Morgan David Kamanga, Perkins Lui, Cindy Hu, David Doan, Sriraj Aiyer, Tara Chen, Elizabeth Oluwatobi Njoaguani, Manik Aggarwal, Xiaohan Xu, Mounika Tiruvaipati, Yawen Xie, Sher Meng Tan, Marina Belaia, Riana Pinto, Daniel Nwaokolo, Jacqueline Dobrigna, Yanshi, Xutong Li, Anqi Tang, Salome Waweru, Momudat Maidoki, Jiaming Ta, Zhang Kangning, Javier Pardo-Diaz, Robert Gorwa, James Green, Serene Singh, Celso Coelho, Felipe Paiva, Mark Deakin, Caroline Carthy, Hermann Pais, Xema Pathak, Dan Fay, Shirley Chen, Alexsander Silva Farias, Giulia Pirolo, Felipe Dias Goncalves, Shreya Mulukuntla, Faroha Khan, Maliyah Goka, Paresh Chaudhari, Kethmi Gamage, Ruiqiao Jiang, Ailen Di Marzio, Lakis Panteli, Mphatso Kantonya, Kathryn Hok, Kate Whyte, Dawit Bekele Tefera, Emma Thrower, Jason Thomas, Andy Hu, Sam Darby, Ashley McNeil, Amun Nadeem, Shu Wen Ong, Michelle Park, Uttara Kudesia, Seorim Park, Niveditha Hari, Viraj Aditya, Aaron Ni, Akshata Gupta, Bridget Ogbuagu, Ranithri Patuwathavithane, Abey Blessing, Yihao Sun, Clara Calazans Espindola, Kiyomi Boyes, Isaac Vzquez, Danlin Liu, Ian Chang, Madison Harris, Shiyao Lu, Arabella Abad, Yanina Borzykh, Ilya Zlotnikov, Zoe Lin, Hala Sheikh Al Souk, Joseph Ssentongo, Delgermaa Munkhgerel, Juliana Moura Bueno, Andrea Klaric, Lucia Soriano Espinel, Natsuno Shinagawa, Ohk SeungCheol, Emmanuel Mawuli Abalo, Rafael Goldszmidt, Lorena Barberia, Luiz Cantarelli, Elisabeth Mira Rothweiler, Rhona Rahmani, Deborah Palacio do Sacramento, Derek Messling, Felipe Natil Martins Moreira, Sze Oh, Winni Yang, Emily Nguyen, Allen Haugh, Giovanna Valentim, Ying Yu, Vinicius Sanches Pontirolle, Beatriz Cristina Rodrigues Silva, Daniela Costanzo de Assis Pereira, Marco Antonio Silva Costa, Helirya Santiago de Souza, Vara Anoosha Vijjapu, Yue (Nicole) Wu, Thao Nguyen, Cindy Chung, George Youssef, Harriet Williams, Clemence Verbrugghe, Patricia Hernandez, Mauricio Montelongo Quevedo, Vivek Mynam, Varun Vivek Bansal, Scarlett Harbin-Owens, Varad Dinesh Godase, Vian Wagatsuma, Inara Bezerra Ferreira de Sousa, Logan Powell, Abigale Shettig, Zirui Jerry Yao, Manya Sinha, Marina Tovar, Marina Navarro Montilla, Xinyu Shi, Manasvini Moni, Finney Israel, Aline Sayuri Konno, Xiuyi Zheng, Avneesh Beejah, Sandra Wohlauf, Henok Mulatu Teferi, Angus Padley, Adebanwo Kuye, Camille Bailly, Katherine Wang, Ira Benson, Charlette Kokoi, Stephanie Poling, Anita Kerubo, Riley Ylagan, Dylan Kruse, Andrew Wong, Jennice Herrera, Aviery Boone, Jennifer Kim, Zeyu Zhang, Axel Nurdin, Glaucia Grellmann, Miao Wang, Shenyue Huang, Ikeoluwa Adeniji-Fashola, Ritesh Soule, Maha Baig, Yashaswini Gannabathul, Xinhui Ma, Udit Chauhan, Denise Koller, Fangda Yu, Peihao Xu, Tzina Xazinah, Bernardo Andretti, Yaqub Yousuf, Jiaxin Chai, Gai Shurui.

People

Thomas Boby
Julia Sampaio
Hao Zha
Bernardo Andretti de Mello
Rodrigo Furst
Rafael Goldszmidt
Roy Barnes
Alice Cavalieri

FAQs

Indicators and indices

I would like to find out more detail about the policies in place. How can I find out why the code has changed?
Our ‘WithNotes’ CSV provides all of the notes recorded for each policy change (divided by year due to file size).

What different policies do you collect data on?
We collect data on a range of policies, including school closures, stay at home orders, economic support for households, and vaccination policy. You can find details of how we code these in our codebook.

What is the Stringency Index and how is it calculated?
The Stringency Index is an aggregate score/composite measure made up of a particular combination of policy indicators/response metrics from the codebook and their values (for the Stringency Index these are C1-8 and H1). The OxCGRT aggregates these policy indicator values into a common “Stringency Index” that runs from 0 -100. Our methodology documentation explains how this is calculated.

Does a higher Stringency Index score mean a country is doing better?
The Stringency Index simply records the number and strictness of government policies and should not be interpreted as ‘scoring’ the appropriateness or effectiveness of a country, region, or territory’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

How many aggregate indices do you have? 
We have four, and each is formed from a different combination of indicators. Stringency Index, Government Response Index, Containment and Health Index, Economic Response Index. You can see which indicators are included in the table in this methodology document.

The data

Where can I download the data? 
All of our data is available here on our Github page in CSV format. We also have more detailed subnational data available on Github.

There are lots of datasets, what is the difference between them?

Please refer to this document that explains the differences between each of our datasets. 

Do I need permission to use the data?

The data is all freely available to download and use, as long as you cite the tracker accordingly as follows:

  • Credit for media use: Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker, Blavatnik School of Government, University of Oxford.
  • Recommended reference for academic publications: Thomas Hale , Noam Angrist , Rafael Goldszmidt, Beatriz Kira , Anna Petherick , Toby Phillips, Samuel Webster, Emily Cameron-Blake , Laura Hallas, Saptarshi Majumdar, and Helen Tatlow. (2021). “A global panel database of pandemic policies (Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker).” Nature Human Behaviour.

I only want data for a few countries or dates but the data download includes all of them, is there a way around this?
We recommend that you download the data, and use Excel or Google sheets to delete columns or rows that are not needed. Using a filter is helpful for this.

How do I download the data from Github?
Go to the Github data download page, click 'view raw', then right hand click and select 'save as', and save in the format 'comma-separated values'. You can then upload this .csv file to Excel or Google Sheets as a spreadsheet. You can apply a filter to select the countries and columns that you need.

Do you have subnational data available?
Yes, we publish subnational data on the UK devolved nations, Canadian provinces and territories, US states, Brazilian states and major cities, and Indian states and union territories.

Why have the values that I downloaded last week changed? 
Some indicators (and therefore, index values) will be changed retroactively. We aim to have a second pair of eyes review every data point in the OxCGRT. Inevitably, some things may be tweaked in this review process, leading to changes to past dates. We recommend you frequently download fresh data from OxCGRT, rather than relying on an old export.

Is there a more immediate way to visualise the data?
The team at Our World in Data present our live data in the choropleth maps on their page.

When is the data updated? 
We update the data in weekly cycles, so if a country/region/territory changes a policy, it may take a few days for this to be reflected in the database.

 

Other

My question isn’t answered here.
Please fill out our enquiry form and we will endeavour to get back to you as soon as possible.

I’m interested in volunteering as a data collector.
Please fill out our enquiry form and we will endeavour to get back to you as soon as possible.