COVID-19 Government Response Tracker

Governments are taking a wide range of measures in response to the COVID-19 outbreak. This tool aims to track and compare policy responses around the world, rigorously and consistently.

State troopers carry out COVID tests

The Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker (OxCGRT) systematically collects information on several different common policy responses that governments have taken to respond to the pandemic on 20 indicators such as school closures and travel restrictions. It now has data from more than 180 countries.

The data is also used to inform a Risk of Openness Index which aims to help countries understand if it is safe to ‘open up’ or whether they should ‘close down’ in their fight to tackle the coronavirus.

Tracker logo


Latest insights

  • New: Updated UK nations response to COVID-19. England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales have diverged in the timing, duration, and stringency of their responses measured by our indicators, highlighting their autonomy and legislative powers as devolved nations. Read the UK nations working paper (WP-2020/035-v2, April 2021).
  • New: What we learned from tracking every COVID policy in the world, The Conversation: on the one-year anniversary of launching the Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker, we have written a summary of how and why we created the tracker, and what we have learned so far.
  • New: Protection of elderly people included in the government response tracker. Data now includes a new indicator (H8) to record policies for protecting elderly people (as defined locally) in long term care facilities and/ or the community and homes settings. Please see the latest version of the working paper (WP-2020/032-v11, March 2021) or the codebook on GitHub.
  • New: Canada sub-national data. Data is available for Canadian provinces and territories, allowing comparisons within the country. See the new working paper (WP-2020/039, March 2021) and the full dataset on GitHub.
  • Vaccination policy indicator (H7) was added to the data in December 2020 to record policies for vaccine delivery for different groups (key workers, clinically vulnerable groups, elderly groups). Please see our working paper or the codebook on GitHub for details.
  • Updated US states' responses to COVID-19. See the updated working paper and the secondary US state-level dataset on GitHub.
  • Updated Risk of Openness Index (previously 'Lockdown Rollback Checklist') now published: see the research note. The index aims to help countries understand if it is safe to ‘open up’ or whether they should ‘close down’ in their fight to tackle the coronavirus. See the full dataset on GitHub.
  • Facial coverings indicator (H6) was added to the data in October 2020 to track (also retrospectively) the policies on face coverings implemented at different levels of stringency.
  • Report on US school closures is now available 'Where and how are schools reopening in the United States?' (12 October update)
  • Read our regional reports summarising recent changes in government responses. These summaries are available for East Asia and PacificEurope and Central AsiaLatin America and the CaribbeanMiddle East and North AfricaNorth AmericaSouth Asia, and sub-Saharan Africa.
  • See also our related project on Brazil's COVID-19 policy response.

Latest data

Stringency and policy indices

OxCGRT collects publicly available information on 20 indicators of government responses. Eight of the policy indicators (C1-C8) record information on containment and closure policies, such as school closures and restrictions in movement. Four of the indicators (E1-E4) record economic policies, such as income support to citizens or provision of foreign aid. Eight of the indicators (H1-H8) record health system policies such as the COVID-19 testing regime, emergency investments into healthcare and most recently, vaccination policies.

The data from the 20 indicators is aggregated into a set of four common indices, reporting a number between 1 and 100 to reflect the level of government action on the topics in question:

  1. an overall government response index (which records how the response of governments has varied over all indicators in the database, becoming stronger or weaker over the course of the outbreak);
  2. a containment and health index (which combines ‘lockdown’ restrictions and closures with measures such as testing policy and contact tracing, short term investment in healthcare, as well investments in vaccine)
  3. an economic support index (which records measures such as income support and debt relief)
  4. as well as the original stringency index (which records the strictness of ‘lockdown style’ policies that primarily restrict people’s behaviour).

Note that these indices simply record the number and strictness of government policies, and should not be interpreted as ‘scoring’ the appropriateness or effectiveness of a country’s response. A higher position in an index does not necessarily mean that a country's response is ‘better’ than others lower on the index.

For data journalists and researchers

For media enquiries or interview requests, please contact Giulia Biasibetti.

Full national-level country data:

Credit for media use: Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker, Blavatnik School of Government, University of Oxford.

Recommended reference for academic publications: Thomas Hale , Noam Angrist , Rafael Goldszmidt, Beatriz Kira , Anna Petherick , Toby Phillips, Samuel Webster, Emily Cameron-Blake , Laura Hallas, Saptarshi Majumdar, and Helen Tatlow. (2021). “A global panel database of pandemic policies (Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker).” Nature Human Behaviour.

Secondary US state-level data:
This is a secondary dataset that cannot be interpreted alongside our primary country data. The differences are outlined on the GitHub page.

Recommended citation: Thomas Hale, Tilbe Atav, Laura Hallas, Beatriz Kira, Toby Phillips, Anna Petherick, Annalena Pott. Variation in US states’ responses to COVID-19. Blavatnik School of Government.

Data use policy: Creative Commons Attribution CC BY standard. This data is provided free of charge. However, please consider contributing to the COVID-19 Fund for the World Health Organisation. You can also find out more about supporting the work of the Blavatnik School of Government.

Project Info



You can view interactive data visualisations of country data or heat map over time. The most recent versions of charts and maps are all available on Github.

Interactive visualisations of each policy indicator are available at Our World in Data.



Please note: this is an ongoing collation project of live data. If you see any inaccuracies in the underlying data, or for specific feedback on the analysis or another aspect of the project please contact us. The database was upgraded on 25 April and you can read the full details of what's changed as well as view the archived version of this dataset on GitHub.

Mailing list

You can also sign up to receive technical updates about the dataset and API at our technical mailing list

About the project

Project team

View all contributors to the project

Data is collected from public sources by a team of over one hundred Oxford University students and staff from every part of the world.

Research Assistants: Emily Cameron-Blake, Helen Tatlow, Laura Hallas, Saptarshi Majumdar.

Contributing team: Adil Sayeed, Aditya Lolla, Adrian Wang Xinting, Ahmed Safar, Aidana Arynbek, Alejandrina Cripovich, Alexsander Silva Farias, Alfredo Ortega, Ali Arsalan Pasha Siddiqui, Alice Eddershaw, Alice Graham, Alice Secheresse, Alice Vodden, Aline Tognini, Allen Haugh, Alonso Moran de Romana, Ana Lucia Villagran, Anandam Sarcar, André Parente Houang, Andrea Garaiova, Andrea Klaric, Andreea Anastasiu, Andrew Brown , Andrew Iupati, Andrew Read, Andrew Wood, Andrey Krachkov, Anindita K. Listya, Anita Pant, Anjali Viswamohanan, Ann Hagen, Anna Bruvere, Anna Paula Ferrari Matos, Anna Petherick, Anna Welsh, Annalena Pott, Annamarie Candler, Anneloes Hoff, Anthony Sudarmawan, Anupah Makoond, Ariana Detmar, Ariq Hatibie, Arkar Hein, Arthur Lau, Ayanna Griffith, Babu Ahamed, Bárbara Prado Simão, Barbara Roggeveen, Barbora Bacyte, Beatriz Cristina Rodrigues SilvaDébora Nery Schwartz, Beatriz Franco, Beatriz Kira, Beatriz Pioltine Macedo Costato, Ben Luria, Ben Weber, Benjamin Ignac, Benjamin Parker, Benjamin Peart, Bilal Majeed, Bill McCluskey, Blessing Oluwatosin Ajimoti, Bolorerdene Battsengel, Bpriya Lakshmy Tbalasubramaniam, Bronwyn Gavine, Bruno da Cunha de Oliveira, Bruno Stucchi, Bugei Nyaosi, Camilla Sacchetto, Carla Almeida da Vila, Carolina Martinelli, Carolina Scherer Beidacki, Caroline Carthy, Caroline Frassão, Caroline Weglinski, Cassy Inman, Celso Antônio Coelho Júnior, Chandra Sekhar Viswanadha, Changyu (Erin) Yan, Charlotte Newton, Charlotte Rougier, Chenxi Zhu, Chloe Axford, Chloë Mayoux, Christian Lumley, Christopher Yoannou, Clara Pavillet, Clara Portwood, Clarissa Lim, Clea Boorman, Connor Lyons, Cristhian Pulido, Cynthia Waliaula, Dan Fay, Dan Grinevics, Dan Mocanu, Dane Alivarius, Dang Dao Nguyen, Daniel Pereira Cabral, Daniela Ferraz Bertholini, Daniela Mayerova, Dar-Yin Li, Dário Kuteev Moreira, Davi Mamblona Marques Romão, Davi Mancebo Fernandes, David Johnson, David McKinnon, Dayane Ferreira, Déborah Palacio do Sacramento, Delgermaa Munkhgerel, Delia Tegnalia, Denilson Soares Gomes Junior, Derek Messling, Diane Brandt, Diogo Mussalem Smethurst, Dita Listya, Dr Grace Mzumara, Edmund Derby, Edward O'Brien, Ehsan Rafian, Elaine Fung, Eleanor Altamura, Elena Terenzi, Elisa Codonho Premazzi, Elisabeth Mira Rothweiler, Elisangela Oliveira de Freitas, Ellen Sugrue, Emily Cameron-Blake, Emily Nguyen, Emma Leonard, Emmanuel Mawuli Abalo, Eric Cheng, Erin Kanzig, Eshitha Vaz, Ethan Teo, Fabiana da Silva Pereira, Farah Sayad, Fatima Zehra Naqvi, Felipe Dias Gonçalves, Felipe Natil Martins Moreira, Felipe Paiva Pinto, Felipe Rodrigues Monteiro, Femi Adebola, Finn Klebe, Fiona Ching Ming Hsu, Francesca Basile , Francesca Lovell-Read, Francesca Valmorbida McSteen, Francesco Moiraghi, Frederic Michaelsen, Gabriel de Azevedo Soyer, Gabriel Dowuona, Gabriel Podesta, Gabriel Rossini, Gabriella Henrique Targino Monteiro, Gaia Lisi, Garima Rana, Gautam Dambekodi, Gemma Mortell, George Sheppard, Giulia Biasibetti, Giulia Pirolo, Grace Mzumara, Guilherme Macedo, Guilherme Ramos, Guillermo Miranda, Gustavo Henrique Luz Silva, Haiming Wu, Haiyun Deng, Hakeem Onasanya, Hakim Ronaque, Hala Sheikh Al Souk, Hannah Klim, Hao Zha, Harikharan Krishnaraju, Hatim Hussain, Heather Walker, Helen Tatlow, Helene Jow, Helórya Santiago de Souza, Henrique Oliveira da Motta, Henry Annan, Hermann Fernandes Pais, Hiu Hung Tse, Horácio Figueira de Moura Neto, Hui Zhou, Huma Zile, Hunter McGuire, Hyerean Yoo, Ifigenia Xifre Villar, Ilya Zlotnikov, Inaara Gulamhussen, Inaara Sundargy, India Clancy, Ingrid Maria Johansen, Isabel Jorgensen, Isabel Seelaender Costa Rosa, Isabela Blumm, Isabella Borges Ávila, Isabelye dos Santos Mendes, Israa Mohammed, Iyone Agboraw, Jai Wei, Jaime Weber, Jake Lerner, James Fox, James Green, Jamie Weber, Jason Larson, Javier Pardo-Diaz, Jay Harley, Jeanna Kim, Jenna Hand, Jennifer Gunther, Jennifer Lim, Jeremy Ng, Jes Shultz, Jess Barreto , Jessica Anania, Jialin Xi, Jianjun Wu, Jiayi Deng, Jiayi LI, Jilin Zeng, Jimmy Kwong, Jinmeng Zhang, Joanna Klimczak, João Claudio Faria Machado, João Ferreira da Silva, João Gabriel de Paula Resende, João Pires Mattar, Johannes Dommnich, John Miller, Joohee Uhm, Jorge Luis Revilla, José Renato Venâncio Resende, Joseph Ssentongo, Joy Carveth, Juan David Gutierrez, Judy Cossins, Judy Nguyen, Juhi Kore, Julia Sawatzky, Juliana Moura Bueno, Juliana Novaes, Juliet O'Brien, Ka Yu Wong, Kaisa Saarinen, Kaitlyn Green, Kangning Zhang, Karoline Becker, Kasia Whitaker, Katherine McCreery, Katherine Tyson, Katrina Marina, Katy Aymar, Kaushal Jain, Kaushalya Gupta, Kelly Daniels, Kristie Jameson, Kumar Shastry, Kurt Sant, Lam Quynh Vo, Lama Khaiyat, Lana Ahmad, Larissa Cristina Margarido, Laura Angelica Chavez-Varela, Laura Chamberlain, Laura de Lisle, Laura dos Santos Boeira, Laura Hallas, Leana Diekmann, Leanne Giordono, Leire Gonzalez Yubero, Leslie Fraser, Letícia Barbosa Plaza, Lia Stefanovich, Lian Najami, Liene Kaori Asahi Baptista, Lilas Mercuriali, Liliana Estrada Galindo, Lin Shi, Linrui Zhong, Lione Alushula, Liu Victoria Yang, Liu Zhang, Liviu Dimitriu, Lorena G Barberia, Louisa-Madeline Singer, Lucia Soriano, Lucy Ellen, Lucy Goodfellow, Luiz Eduardo Barbieri Bedendo, Luiz Guilherme Roth Cantarelli, Luyao Ren, Manikarnika Dutta Dutta, Manjit Nath, Marcela Mello Zamudio, Marcela Reynoso Jurado, Marcelle Costa Marinho, Marcelo Arruda Candido, Marco Antonio Silva Costa, Mareeha Kamran, Maria Carolina Gachido, Maria Clara Leme de Oliveira, María de los Ángeles Lasa, Maria Leticia Claro, Maria Luciano, Maria Paz Astigarraga Baez, Maria Puolakkainen, Mariam Raheem, Mariana Costa Oliveira Morais, Mariana Victoria Braga Resende, Marianne Lafuma, Marie Mavrikios, Marília Camargo Miyashiro, Mark Deakin, Marryam Ishaq, Marta Koch, Martha Stolze, Martina Lejtreger, Marwa Ghoname, Maryann Heil, Matheus Mariano, Matheus Porto Lucena, Matheus Ricardo Gonçalves Barbosa, Matilde Stronell, Maurice Kirschbaum, Maurício Nardi Valle, Maxime Bourdier, Megan McDowell, Melissa Toh, Melody Leong, Meskerem Aleka Kebede, Michael Chen, Michelle Chan, Michelle Sharma, Mikafui Dzotsi, Mildred Aziengbe, Minah Rashad, Minsoo Bae, Miriam Pittalis, Monika Pyarali, Morgan Grobin, Moza Ackroyd, Muktai Panchal, Myank Mawar, Nadia Nasreddin, Nadine Dogbe, Natalia Brigagão, Natália Colvero Maraschin, Natália de Paula Moreira, Natalia Elizabeth Espinola Lopez, Nate Dolton-Thornton, Nathan Felipe Caetano da Silva, Nathaniel Dolton-Thornton, Natsuno Shinagawa, Negin Shahiar, Nicholas Wan, Nicole Guedes Barros, Nicole Gump, Nicole Nanci, Nikhil Tekwani, Noam Angrist, Nomondalai Batjargal, Oksana Matiiash, Olga Romanova, Olivia Route, Pamela Gongora Salazar, Paola Del Carpio Ponce, Paola Schietekat Sedas, Paraskevas Christodoulopoulos, Patricia Silva Castillo, Paul Anderson, Paul Lawson, Pedro Arcain Riccetto, Pedro Santana Schmalz, Pollyana Pacheco Lima, Prabhakar Chandramouli, Prakrit Prasad, Praveen Rajendran, Precious Oluwadara Olajide, Prianka Rao, Primrose Adjepong, Priya Lakshmy Tbalasubramaniam, Priyanka Bijlani, Purna Chandra Panda, Qianyi Ye, Qing Yang, Qingling Kong, Qiyuan Dong, Quynh Lam Vo (Lam), Rachel Dixon, Rachelle Koch, Rafael Goldszmidt, Rahima Hanifa, Rancy Chadha, Randy Taufik, Raymond Pottebaum, Rayssa Deps Bolelli, Rene' Landers, Rhona Rahmani, Ricardo Miranda Rocha Leitao, Richard Florance, Richard James Chapler, Jr., Robert Gorwa, Roda Mohammed, Rodrigo Furst de Freitas Accetta, Rose Wachuka Macharia, Rotimi Elisha Alao, Rushay Naik, Ruwa Mahdi, Saba Mahmood, Safa Khan, Sagar Grewal, Salim Salamah, Sam Webster, Samantha Harris , Samson Leung, Samuel Smith, San Jameson, Sandra Sajeev, Saptarshi Majumdar, Sara Sethia, Sasidhar Gali, Scott Latham, Scott McCullers, Sena Pradipta, Serene Singh, Seun B. Adebayo, SeungCheol Ohk, Seungeun Yi, Shabana Basij-Rasikh, Shane Fitzsimons, Shannon Costello, Shannon Murray, Shannon Smith, Shelly Lim, Shirley Chen, Shiwen Lai, Shoaib Khan, Shubo Zhang, Silvia Shen, Simon Powell, Simphiwe Stewart, Siqi Liu , Siu Cheng, Sophie Pearlman, Soumaya Belaid, Stefaan Sonck Thiebaut, Stephanie Guyett, Stephen Hayes, Suganthan Asokan, Swathi Rayasam, Syed Shoaib Hasan Rizvi, Sze Oh, Sze Tung Lam, Taís Pelinson Gomes da Silva, Tamoi Fujii, Tania Calle, Tanyah Hameed, Tatianna Mello Pereira da Silva, Tatsuya Yasui, Tebello Qhotsokoane, Teresa Soter Henriques, Terrence Epie, Teruki Takiguchi, Tetsekela Anyiam-Osigwe, Theo Bernard, Thomas Benson, Thomas Birdseye, Thomas Boby, Thomás Castanheira Manfrinatti, Thomas Rowland, Thomas Stubbs, Tilbe Atav, Tim Nusser, Tina Chim, Tiphaine Le Corre, Tiwa Ighomuaye, Toby Phillips, Tom Hale, Trevor Edobor, Twan van der Togt, Ulla Mikkelsen, Ulrike Gruber-Gremlich, Ursula Panzner, Ursule Demael, Uttara Narayan, Veronique Gauthier, Victor Mtaki, Victoria Cavero, Vijay Krishna Palepu, Vinícius Sanches Pontirolle, Walter Vinicius Ribeiro Cancelieri, Wei Sean Melvin Ting, Will Marshall, William Dowling, William Hart, Winni Yang, Xema Pathak, Xinrui Wang, Yanying Lin, Yaowen Deng, Yexuan Zhu, Yinqiu Zheng, Yiwen Sun , Yiwen Zhang, Yizhou Pan, Yulia Taranova, Yuxi Zhang, Yuxin Ma, Zachary Parsons, Zara Abdurahaman, Zara Raheem, Zelie Kasten, Zile Huma, Zilin Tu, Ziqi Zhou, Ziqing Huang, Zoe Lin, Zoha Imran, Zoha Minal Imran, Zongyue Liu, Zunaira Mallick,