Update 25 May:
We have now published three new aggregate indices alongside our original stringency index. You can read the methodology for the different indices in our documentation on GitHub.
Systematic information on which governments have taken which measures, and when, can help decision-makers and citizens understand the robustness of governmental responses in a consistent way, aiding efforts to fight the pandemic. The Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker (OxCGRT) systematically collects information on several different common policy responses governments have taken, records the stringency of each policy on a scale to reflect the extent of government action, and aggregates these scores into a suite of policy indices.
We’ve also looked at what the data tells us about countries’ readiness to exit lockdown and how closely they meet WHO guidelines in this research note.
Data is collected from public sources by a team of over one hundred Oxford University students and staff from every part of the world.
Stringency and policy indices
OxCGRT collects publicly available information on 17 indicators of government responses. Eight of the policy indicators (C1-C8) record information on containment and closure policies, such as school closures and restrictions in movement. Four of the indicators (E1-E4) record economic policies, such as income support to citizens or provision of foreign aid, and five indicators (H1-H5) record health system policies such as the COVID-19 testing regime or emergency investments into healthcare. Read the working paper for a full description of the data and how it is collected, and see our codebook on GitHub for the most up-to-date description of indicators.
The tracker aggregates the policy scores into a set of four common indices that report a number between 0 to 100 to reflect the level of government action on the topics in question: an overall government response index, a containment and health index, a stringency index, and an economic support index. Note that these indices simply records the number and strictness of government policies, and should not be interpreted as ‘scoring’ the appropriateness or effectiveness of a country’s response. A higher position in an index does not necessarily mean that a country's response is ‘better’ than others lower on the index.
You can access the full dataset using our API or download a CSV of the latest data. Our codebook on Github explains the definitions for each variable. The data is also available in timeseries form and you can read how we calculate the different indices. These CSVs are also posted to GitHub, where we have additional notes and guidance on data quality for people exploring the underlying dataset.
Recommended citation for data: Hale, Thomas, Sam Webster, Anna Petherick, Toby Phillips, and Beatriz Kira (2020). Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker, Blavatnik School of Government. Data use policy: Creative Commons Attribution CC BY standard.
Please note: this is an ongoing collation project of live data. If you see any inaccuracies in the underlying data, or for specific feedback on the analysis or another aspect of the project please contact us. The database was upgraded on 25 April and you can read the full details of what's changed as well as view the archived version of this dataset on GitHub.
This data is provided free of charge. However, please consider contributing to the COVID-19 Fund for the World Health Organisation. You can also find out more about supporting the work of the Blavatnik School of Government.
You can view our interactive data visualisations of country data or heat map over time.
The most recent versions of the charts and maps detailed below are all available on Github. More interactive visualisations of each policy indicator are available at Our World in Data.
Change in the four policy indices over time:
World map indicating government response level:
Map of school closures and government response:
Relationship between number of COVID-19 cases and government response:
Comparison of six countries stringency by day:
View the full press release about the Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker. For media enquiries contact Giulia Biasibetti.
Contributors to the project include: Aditya Lolla, Ahmed Safar, Alejandrina Cripovich, Alfredo Ortega, Alice Eddershaw, Andrea Garaiova, Andrea Klaric, Andrew Wood, Anjali Viswamohanan, Annalena Pott, Anupah Makoond Makoond, Arkar Hein, Babu Ahamed, Barbara Roggeveen, Beatriz Kira, Ben Luria, Benjamin Ignac, Blessing Oluwatosin Ajimoti, Camilla Sacchetto, Carolina Martinelli, Caroline Weglinski, Charlotte Rougier, Chloe Mayoux, Clara Pavillet, Connor Lyons, Dane Alivarius, Dario Moreira, Dita Listya, Eleanor Altamura, Elisabeth Mira Rothweiler, Emily Cameron-Blake, Fatima Zehra Naqvi, Femi Adebola, Finn Klebe, Francesca Lovell-Read, Francesca Valmorbida McSteen, Gabriel Podesta, Grace Mzumara, Guillermo Miranda, Hakeem Onasanya, Hala Sheikh Al Souk, Helen Tatlow, Huma Zile, Ifigenia Xifre Villar, Ilya Zlotnikov, Ingrid Maria Johansen, Innocent Mbaguta, Isabela Blumm, Jake Lerner, James Fox, James Green, Javier Pardo-Diaz, Jenna Hand, Jeroen Frijters, Jessica Anania, Joanna Klimczak, John Miller, Joseph Ssentongo, Juan David Gutierrez, Judy Cossins, Juhi Kore, Kaisa Saarinen, Kangning Zhang, Karoline Becker, Katherine Tyson, Katrina Marina, Kaushalya Gupta, Kristie Jameson, Lana Ahmad, Laura Chavez-Varela, Laura Hallas, Liliana Estrada Galindo, Lin Shi, Lione Alushula, Liu Yang (Victoria), Lore Purroy Sanchez, Louisa-Madeline Singer, Lucia Soriano, Lucy Goodfellow, Manikarnika Dutta Dutta, Marcela Reynoso Jurado, María de los Ángeles Lasa, Maria Paz Astigarraga Baez, Marianne Lafuma, Martina Lejtreger, Maurice Kirschbaum, Melody Leong, Michael Chen, Muktai Panchal, Nadia Nasreddin, Natalia Espinola, Negin Shahiar, Oksana Matiiash, Olga Romanova, Pamela Gongora, Paola Del Carpio Ponce, Paola Schietekat Sedas, Patricia Silva Castillo, Pollyana Lima, Priya Lakshmy Tbalasubramaniam, Priyanka Bijlani, Qingling Kong, Rene' Landers, Robert Gorwa, Robin Thompson, Safa Khan, Salim Salamah, Serene Singh, SeungCheol Ohk, Shabana Basij-Rasikh, Silvia Shen, Simphiwe Stewart, Siu Cheng, Sophie Pearlman, Stefaan Sonck Thiebaut, Syed Shoaib Hasan Rizvi, Tamoi Fujii, Tanyah Hameed, Tatsuya Yasui, Tebello Qhotsokoane, Teruki Takiguchi, Tetsekela Anyiam-Osigwe, Tim Nusser, Tiphaine Le Corre, Twan van der Togt, Uttara Narayan, William Dowling, William Hart, Yulia Taranova, Zoe Lin and Zunaira Mallick.