Ciaran Martin, Professor of Practice at the Blavatnik School and founding chief executive of the National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC), is one of the contributors to a new UK Parliament research briefing on 'States' use of cyber operations'.

The briefing is part of regularly published POSTnotes based on literature reviews and interviews with a range of stakeholders and are externally peer reviewed. The note considers hostile state-backed cyber activities against the UK. It looks at how and why states use cyber operations against other nations and the threats these pose to the UK. It also considers mitigation measures, both internationally and in the UK.