Achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement will require the rapid transformation of all sectors of the global economy. Sector-based, cooperative climate initiatives involving actors across all of society have grown in recent years to help drive this transition. This document adopts a systems-approach towards understanding this broad and complex 'ecosystem' of actors and initiatives, providing an analysis of how this ecosystem is distributed – identifying gaps, weaknesses and challenges, alongside key leverage points to drive stronger action. A vision of the optimal ecosystem – and how to achieve it – is presented in this report, in order to help inform considerations on how this landscape of actors, initiatives and institutions can organise itself to drive greater impact throughout the coming decisive decade.

About this report

This report results from a year-long process initiated in November 2020 by the Future of Climate Cooperation project. The content and vision was developed through a series of group convenings, including regionally focused sessions in Latin America, Africa, and the Asia-Pacific, and numerous bilateral meetings among a wide range of experts, practitioners and policymakers. The document does not seek to put forward a ‘negotiated’ view that reflects the unanimous agreement of this very diverse range of actors, but rather captures points of broad consensus.

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