This project seeks to understand which groups of individuals should be targeted by interventions that seek to reduce rates of early and forced marriage – including through keeping girls in school – as well as broader violence against women and girls.


Specifically, we ask whether it is more effective for such interventions to target women and girls, men and boys, or both groups, particularly in contexts where men hold high bargaining power within the household. We are conducting a field experiment across 200 villages in Pakistan, to evaluate 'edutainment' interventions when randomly targeted at these different groups. To understand the pathways to impact, we are also running 'lab-in-the-field' experiments designed to measure social norms and bargaining power within the household.

Planned outputs: stakeholder workshop in Pakistan (held in March 2017), blog post, policy brief, academic working paper, and dataset.