COVID-19 Government Response Tracker

Governments are taking a wide range of measures in response to the COVID-19 outbreak. This tool aims to track and compare policy responses around the world, rigorously and consistently.

State troopers carry out COVID tests

About the project

The Oxford Covid-19 Government Response Tracker (OxCGRT) collects systematic information on policy measures that governments have taken to tackle COVID-19. The different policy responses are tracked since 1 January 2020, cover more than 180 countries and are coded into 23 indicators, such as school closures, travel restrictions, vaccination policy. These policies are recorded on a scale to reflect the extent of government action, and scores are aggregated into a suite of policy indices. The data can help decision-makers and citizens understand governmental responses in a consistent way, aiding efforts to fight the pandemic. Our core working paper (BSG-WP-2020/032) provides more information on methodology and data collection.

Latest insights

  • New: Vaccination policies indicators. We have added three new indicators on vaccination policies: a country/region/territory’s priority list (V1), eligible groups (V2), and the individual cost of vaccination (V3). These indicators will be rolled out to cover all countries over time. See the working paper (WP-2020/032-v12, June 2021) for more details.
  • New: Chinese provincial government responses to COVID-19. Data is available now for provincial-level jurisdictions in China. See the new working paper (WP-2021/040, June 2021) for more details.
  • Updated USA states response to COVID-19. The first 100 days of the Biden administration contained important milestones such as the rollout of vaccinations and the rollback of restrictions. Read the new US states working paper (WP-2020/034-v3, May 2021)
  • Updated UK nations response to COVID-19. England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales have diverged in the timing, duration, and stringency of their responses measured by our indicators, highlighting their autonomy and legislative powers as devolved nations. Read the UK nations working paper (WP-2020/035-v2, April 2021).
  • What we learned from one year of tracking every COVID policy in the world, The Conversation: a summary of how and why we created the tracker, and what we have learned so far.

Credits

Credit for media use (CC BY License): Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker, Blavatnik School of Government, University of Oxford.

Recommended reference for academic publications: Thomas Hale, Noam Angrist, Rafael Goldszmidt, Beatriz Kira, Anna Petherick, Toby Phillips, Samuel Webster, Emily Cameron-Blake, Laura Hallas, Saptarshi Majumdar, and Helen Tatlow. (2021). “A global panel database of pandemic policies (Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker).” Nature Human Behaviour. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-021-01079-8

Data use policy: Creative Commons Attribution CC BY standard. This data is provided free of charge. However, please consider contributing to the COVID-19 Fund for the World Health Organization. You can also find out more about supporting the work of the Blavatnik School of Government.

Project Info

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Ongoing

Our data

Download the latest datasets and timeseries data and read about the different versions of the dataset.

Refer to our codebook and coding interpretation guide when consulting or using our datasets.

Our core working paper (BSG-WP-2020/032) provides more information on methodology and data collection. The data is collected by a team of hundreds of volunteers around the world from the Oxford community and is updated continuously. We produce monthly regional reports providing a snapshot of shifts in government responses to COVID-19.

Indicators

OxCGRT collects publicly available information on 23 indicators of government response:

  • Containment and closure policies (indicators C1-C8) record information on containment and closure policies, such as school closures and restrictions in movement.
  • Economic policies (indicators E1-E4) record economic policies, such as income support to citizens or provision of foreign aid.
  • Health system policies (indicators H1-H8) record health system policies such as the COVID-19 testing regime, emergency investments into healthcare and most recently, vaccination policies.
  • Vaccine policies (indicators V1-3) record vaccination policies: a country’s prioritisation list, eligible groups, and the cost of vaccination to the individual.

Please note: we have recently stopped updating data on our E3, E4, and H4 fiscal indicators. The data for these indicators will still be present in the CSV files, but they just are not being actively updated beyond August 2021. We do still plan to actively keep the H5 fiscal indicators (government investment in vaccine research) updated over time.

Policy indices

To help make sense of the data, we have produced four indices that aggregate the data into a single number from 0-100. This is a measure of how many of the relevant indicators a government has acted upon, and to what degree. The index cannot say whether a government's policy has been implemented effectively. For more information refer to our index methodology.

  • Overall government response index
    The index records how the response of governments has varied over all indicators in the database, becoming stronger or weaker over the course of the outbreak. It is calculated using all ordinal indicators.
  • Containment and health index
    The index combines ‘lockdown’ restrictions and closures with measures such as testing policy and contact tracing, short term investment in healthcare, as well investments in vaccines. It is calculated using all ordinal containment and closure policy indicators and health system policy indicators.
  • Stringency index
    The index records the strictness of ‘lockdown style’ policies that primarily restrict people’s behaviour. It is calculated using all ordinal containment and closure policy indicators, plus an indicator recording public information campaigns.
  • Economic support index
    The index records measures such as income support and debt relief. It is calculated using all ordinal economic policies indicators.
  • Risk of openness index
    The index is based on the recommendations set out by the World Health Organization (WHO) of the measures that should be put in place before Covid-19 response policies can be safely relaxed. Read more about the details, visualisations, and methodology. Read the dedicated Risk of openness working paper.

Note that these indices simply record the number and strictness of government policies, and should not be interpreted as ‘scoring’ the appropriateness or effectiveness of a country’s response. A higher position in an index does not necessarily mean that a country's response is ‘better’ than others lower on the index.

Subnational data

In addition to country-level data, our primary datasets additionally include some subnational data. So far we have incorporated data for Brazilian states, Canadian provinces and territories, Chinese provinces, UK devolved nations, and US states into the primary dataset.

Subnational data can be interpreted using our main codebook and our subnational data interpretation guidance.

Visualisations

You can view interactive data visualisations of country data or heat map over time. The most recent versions of charts and maps are all available on Github.

Interactive visualisations of each policy indicator are available at Our World in Data.

 

Feedback

Please note: this is an ongoing collation project of live data. If you see any inaccuracies in the underlying data, or for specific feedback on the analysis or another aspect of the project please contact us. The database was upgraded on 25 April and you can read the full details of what's changed as well as view the archived version of this dataset on GitHub.

Mailing list

You can also sign up to receive technical updates about the dataset and API at our technical mailing list

Publications and media

Overview

Project team

View all contributors to the project

Data is collected from public sources by a team of over one hundred Oxford University students and staff from every part of the world.

Research Assistants: Emily Cameron-Blake, Helen Tatlow, Laura Hallas, Saptarshi Majumdar.

Contributing team: Abeba Aleka Kebede, Abhijit Purushottam Gadewar, Abigail Jane Escobar, Abigail Lourdes Martinez, Adel Molnar, Adil Sayeed, Aditya Lolla, Aditya Shankar, Adrian Wang Xinting, Ahad Ameen Kesaria, Ahmed Safar, Aidana Arynbek, Akeemat Ayinla, Akhila Kadgathur Jayaram, Alejandrina Cripovich, Alex Chan, Alex Chen, Alex Qin, Alex Zhuang, Alexander Trousdale, Alexsander Silva Farias, Alfie Killigrew, Alfredo Ortega, Ali Arsalan Pasha Siddiqui, Alice Cavalieri, Alice Eddershaw, Alice Graham, Alice Secheresse, Alice Vodden, Alina Romani Pozo, Aline Tognini, Alisha Sood, Allen Haugh, Alonso Moran de Romana, An Pham, Ana Lucia Villagran, Anahi Alvarez Amaro, Anandam Sarcar, André Houang, André Parente Houang, Andrea Garaiova, Andrea Klaric, Andrea Salhuana Bellodas, Andreea Anastasiu, Andrew Brown , Andrew Iupati, Andrew Jacob Wagner, Andrew Rapp, Andrew Read, Andrew Wood, Andrey Krachkov, Aneesa Grace Khan, Angelina Liu, Angus Padley, Anika Buch, Anila Jose, Anindita K. Listya, Anita Pant, Anjali Viswamohanan, Ankit Raj, Ann Hagen, Anna Bruvere, Anna Paula Ferrari Matos, Anna Petherick, Anna Welsh, Annalena Pott, Annamarie Candler, Anneloes Hoff, Annika Browne, Anthony Michael Hachem, Anthony Sudarmawan, Antonio Terrazas, Anupah Makoond, Anushka Shah, Apoorva Mehta, Ariana Detmar, Arianna Marcolin, Ariq Hatibie, Arkar Hein, Armand Farhad Patel, Arsalaan Bin Asad, Arthur Lau, Asiya Zaidia, Atharva Deshmukh, Athena Annie Zeng, Avneesh Beejah, Ayan Habane , Ayanna Griffith, Aysegul Elbasi, Babu Ahamed, Bárbara Prado Simão, Barbara Roggeveen, Barbora Bacyte, Bat-Orgil Bat-Erdene, Beatice Isabel Cuellar, Beatrice Torres, Beatriz Cristina Rodrigues Silva, Beatriz Franco, Beatriz Kira, Beatriz Pioltine Macedo Costato, Ben Luria, Ben Weber, Benjamin Ignac, Benjamin Parker, Benjamin Peart, Benjamin Rene Farias, Bernard Lao, Bilal Majeed, Bill McCluskey, Blessing Oluwatosin Ajimoti, Bolorerdene Battsengel, Bpriya Lakshmy Tbalasubramaniam, Bronwyn Gavine, Bruna Maria da Silva Ruys, Bruno da Cunha de Oliveira, Bruno Stucchi, Bugei Nyaosi, C Urdaneta Romano, Caitlin Sarro, Callum Ryan, Camila F Ugaz Rojas, Camilla Sacchetto, Camille Bedard-Gauthier, Carla Almeida da Vila, Carlos Danquer Amaral, Carolina de Medeiros Queiroz, Carolina Martinelli, Carolina Scherer Beidacki, Caroline Bendl, Caroline Carthy, Caroline Frassão, Caroline M Pastrano, Caroline Weglinski, Cassy Inman, Catherine O'Donnell, Celso Antônio Coelho Júnior, Chandra Sekhar Viswanadha, Changyu (Erin) Yan, Chantelle Khoo, Charles Pinon, Charlotte Newton, Charlotte Rougier, Chenxi Zhu, Chloe Axford, Chloë Mayoux, Christian Ferreiro, Christian Lumley, Christopher Yoannou, Chuyun Dai, Cindy Kim Chung, Clara Pavillet, Clara Portwood, Clarissa Fisher, Clarissa Lim, Claudia Sedano, Clea Boorman, Clemence Verbrugghe, Connor Lyons, Cornelia Santoso, Cristhian Pulido, Cynthia Waliaula, Dagny Ahrend, Dan Fay, Dan Grinevics, Dan Mocanu, Dane Alivarius, Dang Dao Nguyen, Daniel Pereira Cabral, Daniela Costanzo, Daniela Ferraz Bertholini, Daniela Mayerova, Daphne Nakawesi, Dar-Yin Li, Dário Kuteev Moreira, Davi Mamblona Marques Romão, Davi Mancebo Fernandes, Davi Romão, David Johnson, David McGovern, David McKinnon, Dayane Ferreira, Dayou Ren, Débora Nery Schwartz, Déborah Palacio do Sacramento, Delgermaa Munkhgerel, Delia Tegnalia, Denilson Soares Gomes Junior, Derek Messling, Devon Noel Tompane, Dhruv Shetty, Diana Ivonne Rodriguez Sanchez, Diane Brandt, Diego Alberto, Digvijay Patil, Dilawar Shah, Diogo Mussalem Smethurst, Dita Listya, Dorothee Sartorius, Dr Grace Mzumara, Dun Shang Zheng, Edmund Derby, Eduardo Sebastián Pimentel Rebaza, Edward O'Brien, Eera Fatima Bangi, Ehsan Rafian, Elaine Fung, Eleanor Altamura, Elena Terenzi, Elisa Codonho Premazzi, Elisabeth Mira Rothweiler, Elisangela Oliveira de Freitas, Ellen Sugrue, Emerson Barrett Nairon, Emiliana Guerra, Emily Cameron-Blake, Emily Nguyen, Emma Leonard, Emmanuel Mawuli Abalo, Enyuan Zhang, Ergon Cugler de Moraes Silva, Eric Cheng, Erin Kanzig, Eshitha Vaz, Ethan Teo, Euler Samuel De Leon, Eustace Uzoma Ohuakanwa, Evan DeTurk, Eyse Florence Dewbre, Fabiana da Silva Pereira, Faith Njeri Nyaga, Fang Wu, Fangxu Zhao, Farah Sayad, Faroha Ali Khan, Fatima Zehra Naqvi, Federico Holm, Felipe Dias Gonçalves, Felipe Natil Martins Moreira, Felipe Paiva Pinto, Felipe Rodrigues Monteiro, Femi Adebola, Fernanda Assunção Tiraboschi, Fernanda Bouzan Cardoso, Finn Klebe, Fiona Ching Ming Hsu, Fiona Zhong, Francesca Basile , Francesca Lovell-Read, Francesca Valmorbida McSteen, Francesco Moiraghi, Frederic Michaelsen, Fuji Jauhari, Gabriel de Azevedo Soyer, Gabriel Dowuona, Gabriel Podesta, Gabriel Rossini, Gabriella Henrique Targino Monteiro, Gaia Lisi, Garima Rana, Gautam Dambekodi, Gemma Mortell, George Sheppard, Giulia Ayana Bonora, Giulia Biasibetti, Giulia Pirolo, Grace Angela Buchen, Grace Mzumara, Grace Xu, Guilherme Macedo, Guilherme Ramos, Guillermo Miranda, Gustavo Henrique Luz Silva, Hailey Nicole Myers, Haiming Wu, Haiyun Deng, Hakeem Onasanya, Hakim Ronaque, Hala Sheikh Al Souk, Hamsini V Nathan, Hana Viet Dole , Hannah Klim, Hao Zha, Haoyu Zhou, Harikharan Krishnaraju, Harish K Srinivasan, Harriet Williams, hartley Dutczak, Hassan Edries Hasaan, Hatim Hussain, Heather Walker, Helen Tatlow, Helene Jow, Helórya Santiago de Souza, Henok Mulatu Teferi, Henrique Oliveira da Motta, Henry Annan, Hermann Fernandes Pais, Himangshu Kumar, Hiu Hung Tse, Hong Zeng, Hong Zeng , Horácio Figueira de Moura Neto, Hui Zhou, Huma Zile, Hunter McGuire, Hyerean Yoo, Ifigenia Xifre Villar, Ikram Byah, Ilya Zlotnikov, Inaara Gulamhussen, Inaara Sundargy, India Clancy, Ingrid Maria Johansen, Isabel Jorgensen, Isabel Seelaender Costa Rosa, Isabela Abade Granzieri, Isabela Blumm, Isabella Borges Ávila, Isabelye dos Santos Mendes, Isra Nisar Ahmed, Israa Mohammed, Iyone Agboraw, Jack Caleb Kendrick, Jai Wei, Jaime Weber, Jake Lerner, James Balzer, James Fox, James Green, James Ling Hua Yan, Janine F G Reasonda, Jasmine Anand, Jason Larson, Javier Pardo-Diaz, Jay Harley, Jaykumar H Patel, Jeanna Kim, Jenna Hand, Jennifer Gunther, Jennifer Lim, Jeremy Ng, Jes Shultz, Jess Barreto , Jessica Anania, Jialin Xi, Jianjun Wu, Jiayi Deng, Jiayi LI, Jilin Zeng, Jimmy Kwong, Jinmeng Zhang, Joan Coloma, Joanna Klimczak, Joanne Rae Navales, João Claudio Faria Machado, João Ferreira da Silva, João Gabriel de Paula Resende, Joao Monteiro, João Paulo de Jesus Martins, João Pires Mattar, Johannes Dommnich, John Miller, Jonathan Chan, Jonathan David Roberts, Jonty Redman, Joohee Uhm, Jorge Luis Revilla, José Renato Venâncio Resende, Joseph Hudson, Joseph Ssentongo, Joy Carveth, Juan David Gutierrez, Judy Cossins, Judy Nguyen, Jueun Ro, Juhi Kore, Julia Abrahão Homsi, Julia de Menezes Sampaio, Julia Sawatzky, Juliana Bueno Refundini, Juliana Moura Bueno, Juliana Novaes, Julie Laura Mermet, Juliet O'Brien, Jun Zhang, Junu Shrestha, Justin Jiade Zhang, Ka Yu Wong, Kaisa Saarinen, Kaitlyn Green, Kala Pham, Kalkidan Belayneh, Kangning Zhang, Kareena Kaur Shokar, Karoline Becker, Kasia Whitaker, Katherine Klemperer, Katherine McCreery, Katherine Tyson, Katiana dos Santos Telefora, Katie Madison Tehas, Katrina Marie Aguila, Katrina Marina, Katy Aymar, Kaushal Jain, Kaushalya Gupta, Keliang Zeng, Kelly Daniels, Kelly Kon, Kethmi Gamage, Kevin Parham, Khanh Vy Bui, Kiara Asuzu, Kimberly Hoang, Kirandeep Bal, Kristen Nicole Oliviera, Kristie Jameson, Kumar Shastry, Kurt Sant, Lam Quynh Vo, Lama Khaiyat, Lana Ahmad, Larissa Cristina Margarido, Laura Angelica Chavez-Varela, Laura Chamberlain, Laura de Lisle, Laura dos Santos Boeira, Laura Hallas, Leah-Shai A Torres, Leana Diekmann, Leanne Giordono, Leen Aghabi, Lei Wang, Leire Gonzalez Yubero, Leonie Lam, Leslie Fraser, Letícia Barbosa Plaza, Letícia de Araújo Dias, Letícia Figueiredo Collado, Letizia Leung, Lia Stefanovich, Lian Najami, Liene Kaori Asahi Baptista, Lila Klein , Lilas Mercuriali, Liliana Estrada Galindo, Lin Shi, Linrui Zhong, Lione Alushula, Liu Victoria Yang, Liu Zhang, Liviu Dimitriu, Liza Brachtendorf, Lizbeth Karely Leija, Lorena G Barberia, Louisa-Madeline Singer, Lucas André Grejo Almendra, Lucia Soriano, Lucy Ellen, Lucy Goodfellow, Luiz Eduardo Barbieri Bedendo, Luiz Guilherme Roth Cantarelli, Luiz Gustavo Machado Cruz, Luiz Philipe de Souza Ferreira, Luma Mundin Costa, Luyao Ren, Madalyn Grace Coburn, Maebh Gallagher, Maeve Rolland, Maha Al-Areeqi, Mahita Yerramsetti, Malin Bornemann, Maliyah A Goka, Manasvini Moni, Manikantha Nataraj, Manikarnika Dutta Dutta, Manjit Nath, Manya Sinha, Marcela Mello Zamudio, Marcela Reynoso Jurado, Marcelle Costa Marinho, Marcelo Arruda Candido, Marco Antonio Silva Costa, Marco Aurelio Mayer Duarte Neto, Mareeha Kamran, Margie Morrison, Maria Carolina Gachido, Maria Clara Leme de Oliveira, María de los Ángeles Lasa, Maria Leonor Amador, Maria Leticia Claro, Maria Luciano, Maria Luisa Piatti, Maria Luíza Barreto Cazumbá, Maria Paz Astigarraga Baez, Maria Puolakkainen, Maria Widiastuti, Mariam Raheem, Mariami Jintcharadze, Mariana Costa Oliveira Morais, Mariana Lima Maia, Mariana Victoria Braga Resende, Marianna Panteli , Marianne Lafuma, Mariano Marotta, Marie Mavrikios, Marília Camargo Miyashiro, Marina Fernandes Bispo de Siqueira, Marina Tovar, Mark Chao, Mark Deakin, Marlene Munoz, Marryam Ishaq, Marta Koch, Martha Stolze, Martina Lejtreger, Marwa Ghoname, Maryann Heil, Mateus Bernardes dos Santos, Mateus Henrique Müller, Matheus da Silveira Maia, Matheus Mariano, Matheus Porto Lucena, Matheus Ricardo Gonçalves Barbosa, Matilde Stronell, Maurice Kirschbaum, Mauricio Montelongo Quevedo, Maurício Nardi Valle, Maxime Bourdier, Maya Ilana Harwood, Mayra Henrique de Melo, Megan McDowell, Melissa Leon Pons, Melissa Toh, Melody Leong, Memuna Rashid, Meskerem Aleka Kebede, Michael Chen, Michelle Chan, Michelle Sharma, Mikafui Dzotsi, Mikhela Bayes, Mildred Aziengbe, Minah Rashad, Minsoo Bae, Mira Kovalsky, Mirava Yuson, Miriam Pittalis, Mohima Sultana, Monika Pyarali, Morgan Grobin, Morgan Woods, Moza Ackroyd, Muhammad Ali, Muktai Panchal, Myank Mawar, Nadia Nasreddin, Nadine Dogbe, Nan Chen, Naol Balema Gemech, Nasra Habane, Natalia Brigagão, Natália Colvero Maraschin, Natália de Paula Moreira, Natalia Elizabeth Espinola Lopez, Nate Dolton-Thornton, Nathan Felipe Caetano da Silva, Nathaniel Dolton-Thornton, Natsuno Shinagawa, Neenah Young, Negin Shahiar, Nicholas Wan, Nicole Guedes Barros, Nicole Gump, Nicole Nanci, Nikhil Tekwani, Nina Acharya, Nina Desgranges, Noam Angrist, Nomondalai Batjargal, Nupur Suhas Bhise, Oksana Matiiash, Olga Romanova, Olivia Route, Onkar Deep, Pamela Gongora Salazar, Pamela Quevedo Joia Duarte da Costa, Paola Del Carpio Ponce, Paola Schietekat Sedas, Paolo Marzi, Paraskevas Christodoulopoulos, Patricia Hernandez, Patricia Silva Castillo, Patrick Rehill, Paul Aluwakunmi Dairo, Paul Anderson, Paul Lawson, Pedro Arcain Riccetto, Pedro Riquelme Gonzalez, Pedro Santana Schmalz, Perkins Lui, Peter David Dunlap, Pham Nguyen, Phillip Kim, Pollyana Pacheco Lima, Prabhakar Chandramouli, Prakrit Prasad, Pranav Bhatia, Prapichaya Prommas, Prarthna Srivastava, Praveen Rajendran, Precious Oluwadara Olajide, Prianka Rao, Primrose Adjepong, Priya Lakshmy Tbalasubramaniam, Priyanka Bijlani, Puja Satish, Purna Chandra Panda, Qianyi Ye, Qing Yang, Qingling Kong, Qiyuan Dong, Quynh Lam Vo (Lam), Rachel Dixon, Rachel Elise Chiang, Rachelle Koch, Rafa Andre Silva, Rafael Goldszmidt, Rahima Hanifa, Rancy Chadha, Randy Taufik, Raymond Pottebaum, Rayssa Deps Bolelli, Reed Taylor Rothe, Reina Li, Rene' Landers, Renee Ivy Yu, Rheanna B Patel, Rhona Rahmani, Ricardo Miranda Rocha Leitao, Richard Florance, Richard James Chapler, Jr., Rishabh Lohray, Riya Nilay Gandhi, Robert Gorwa, Roda Mohammed, Rodrigo Furst de Freitas Accetta, Rojan Joshi, Rose Wachuka Macharia, Rotimi Elisha Alao, Roxana Tatiana Flores Ibarra, Roy Barnes, Ruiqiao Jang, Ruiqiao Jiang, Ruolan Xie, Rushay Naik, Ruwa Mahdi, Sa'id Gaya, Saba Mahmood, Safa Khan, Sagar Grewal, Sage Madison Buchanan, Sakina Bano Mendha, Salim Salamah, Sam Webster, Samantha Harris , Samson Leung, Samuel Kidane, Samuel Smith, San Jameson, Sandra Nwaobi, Sandra Sajeev, Sandy Laping, Saptarshi Majumdar, Sara Hassan Hashim, Sara Sethia, Sarah Bangalan Umandap, Sasha Noel Roberts, Sasidhar Gali, Scarlett Harbin-Owens, Scott Friedewald, Scott Latham, Scott McCullers, Sena Pradipta, Serene Singh, Seth Howes, Seun B. Adebayo, SeungCheol Ohk, Seungeun Yi, Shabana Basij-Rasikh, Shane Fitzsimons, Shannon Costello, Shannon Murray, Shannon Smith, Sharon Farrell, Shelly Lim, Shengchang Zhang, Sherilyn Nguyen, Shirley Chen, Shiwen Lai, Shoaib Khan, Shreya L Mulukuntla, Shubo Zhang, Siddharth K Prakash, Silvia Shen, Simon Lawson Birk, Simon Powell, Simphiwe Stewart, Sinyoung Lee, Siqi Liu , Siu Cheng, Siyang Jiang, Som Mahesh Jadhav, Sonya Amin, Sophie Pearlman, Soumaya Belaid, Sruthi Kallivalapil Surendran, Stefaan Sonck Thiebaut, Stefan Holzheuser, Stephanie Guyett, Stephanie Muller, Stephanie Poling, Stephen Hayes, Suganthan Asokan, Suin Jang, Suryodeep Mondal, Swathi Rayasam, Swayamsiddha Sarangi, Syed Shoaib Hasan Rizvi, Sze Oh, Sze Tung Lam, Taís Pelinson Gomes da Silva, Tamoi Fujii, Tania Calle, Tanyah Hameed, Tara Patel , Tatianna Mello Pereira da Silva, Tatsuya Yasui, Taylor Qin, Tayná Mendes, Tebello Qhotsokoane, Teresa Soter Henriques, Terrence Epie, Teruki Takiguchi, Tetsekela Anyiam-Osigwe, Thao Phan Huong Nguyen, Thayla Bicalho Bertolozzi, Thayslene Marques Oliveira, Theo Bernard, Thi Yen Chi Nguyen, Thiago William Pereira Barcelos, Thilakshana Senthilvel, Thomas Benson, Thomas Birdseye, Thomas Boby, Thomás Castanheira Manfrinatti, Thomas Hodgson, Thomas Mbuotidem Jeremiah, Thomas Rowland, Thomas Stubbs, Tianjing Liu, Tianyi Chen, Tilbe Atav, Tim Nusser, Tina Chim, Tinanjali  Dam, Tiphaine Le Corre, Tiwa Ighomuaye, Toby Phillips, Tom Hale, Tom Hodgson, Trevor Edobor, Treyce Edison Money, Twan van der Togt, Ubah Daahir, Ulla Mikkelsen, Ulrike Gruber-Gremlich, Ursula Panzner, Ursule Demael, Uttara Narayan, Uyen Thu Le, Varsha Kundoor Reddy, Vedant Shukla, Veronique Gauthier, Vian Wagatsuma, Victor Mtaki, Victoria Cantu , Victoria Cavero, Vijay Krishna Palepu, Vinicios Javaroni, Vinícius Sanches Pontirolle, Vinicius Tadeu Silvério dos Santos, Vivek Krishna Mynam, Viviane de Assis Ignacio, Waasaw Ayyaz, Walter Vinicius Ribeiro Cancelieri, Wei Sean Melvin Ting, Weija Shen, Weijia Shen, Weiyi Huang, Wenxuan Zhou, Will Bennett, Will Marshall, William Dowling, William Hart, Winni Yang, Xema Pathak, Xiangyun Ren, Xingyan Lin, Xingyue Yang, Xinrui Wang, Xinyu Shi, Xiuyi Zheng, Yanjun Lu, Yanying Lin, Yaowen Deng, Yash Kamath, Yasmin de Sousa Pinheiro, Ye Chen, Yexuan Zhu, Yi Zhou, Yijang Liu, Yinqiu Zheng, Yishan Yuan, Yiwen Sun , Yiwen Zhang, Yixin Pu, Yizhou Pan, Yueying Zhang, Yulia Taranova, Yun Zhu, Yuxi Zhang, Yuxin Ma, Yuzhen Chen, Zachariah Coleman, Zachariah Coleman, Zachary Adnane, Zachary Parsons, Zara Abdurahaman, Zara Raheem, Zelie Kasten, Zhengyu Zhang, Zhi Yuan Ho, Zhiru Li, Zijia Tan, Zile Huma, Zilin Tu, Ziqi Zhou, Ziqing Huang, Zirui Yao, Zixuan Fu, Ziya Utku Karadeniz, Ziyue Chen, Zoe Lin, Zoha Minal Imran, Zongyue Liu, Zunaira Mallick.

FAQs

Indicators and indices

I would like to find out more detail about the policies in place. How can I find out why the code has changed?
Our ‘WithNotes’ CSV provides all of the notes recorded for each policy change.

What different policies do you collect data on?
We collect data on a range of policies, including school closures, stay at home orders, economic support for households, and vaccination policy. You can find details of how we code these in our codebook.

What is the Stringency Index and how is it calculated?
The Stringency Index is an aggregate score/composite measure made up of a particular combination of policy indicators/response metrics from the codebook and their values (for the Stringency Index these are C1-8 and H1). The OxCGRT aggregates these policy indicator values into a common “Stringency Index” that runs from 0 -100. Our methodology documentation explains how this is calculated.

Does a higher Stringency Index score mean a country is doing better?
The Stringency Index simply records the number and strictness of government policies and should not be interpreted as ‘scoring’ the appropriateness or effectiveness of a country, region, or territory’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

How many aggregate indices do you have? 
We have four, and each is formed from a different combination of indicators. Stringency Index, Government Response Index, Containment and Health Index, Economic Response Index. You can see which indicators are included in the table in this methodology document.

The data

Where can I download the data? 
All of our data is available here on our Github page in CSV format. We also have more detailed subnational data available on Github.

There are lots of datasets, what is the difference between them?

  • Timeseries: Policies arranged with dates as column names. Each indicator and index is a separate worksheet in timeseries.xlsx.
  • Latest: all countries and subnational jurisdictions with all indicators.
  • Latest_all_changes: highlights changes in this order: Previous Policy - Current Policy - Current Note - Note used to change policy.
  • Latest_combined: latest with policies recorded as 1G, 2G etc instead of separate Policy (1, 2, 3 etc) and Flag (0/1) columns.
  • Latest_all_responses: duration of policy codes for a country along with initial note. Sorted by PolicyType - PolicyCode - Start Date - End Date - Initial Note.
  • Latest_with_notes: all countries and subnational jurisdictions with all indicators, notes, and citations.

Do I need permission to use the data?
The data is all freely available to download and use, as long as you cite the tracker accordingly as follows:

  • Credit for media use: Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker, Blavatnik School of Government, University of Oxford.
  • Recommended reference for academic publications: Thomas Hale , Noam Angrist , Rafael Goldszmidt, Beatriz Kira , Anna Petherick , Toby Phillips, Samuel Webster, Emily Cameron-Blake , Laura Hallas, Saptarshi Majumdar, and Helen Tatlow. (2021). “A global panel database of pandemic policies (Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker).” Nature Human Behaviour.

I only want data for a few countries or dates but the data download includes all of them, is there a way around this?
We recommend that you download the data, and use Excel or Google sheets to delete columns or rows that are not needed. Using a filter is helpful for this.

How do I download the data from Github?
Go to the Github data download page, click 'view raw', then right hand click and select 'save as', and save in the format 'comma-separated values'. You can then upload this .csv file to Excel or Google Sheets as a spreadsheet. You can apply a filter to select the countries and columns that you need.

Do you have subnational data available?
Yes, we publish subnational data on the UK devolved nations, Canadian provinces and territories, US states, and Brazilian states and major cities.

Why is the value for a particular country/region/territory so high when I know that restrictions are currently low nationally?
Government coronavirus policies often vary by region within countries. We code the most stringent government policy that is in place in a country/territory, as represented by the highest ordinal value. Sometimes the most stringent policy in a country/territory will only apply to a limited geographic area or sector and we use a binary flag variable to denote this limited scope. Ten of the indicators (C1-C7, H1, H6 and H8) have a flag for whether they are "targeted" to a specific geographical region (flag=0) or whether they are a "general" policy that is applied across the whole country/territory (flag=1). For instance, if only one state in the USA has implemented policies at the highest level of stringency, but the rest of the country doesn’t have similar policies, we record the most stringent policy, and add a targeted flag. This is the situation reflected in the data.

Why have the values that I downloaded last week changed? 
Some indicators (and therefore, index values) will be changed retroactively. We aim to have a second pair of eyes review every data point in the OxCGRT. Inevitably, some things may be tweaked in this review process, leading to changes to past dates. We recommend you frequently download fresh data from OxCGRT, rather than relying on an old export.

Is there a more immediate way to visualise the data?
The team at Our World in Data present our live data in the choropleth maps on their page.

When is the data updated? 
We update the data in weekly cycles, so if a country/region/territory changes a policy, it may take a few days for this to be reflected in the database.

 

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