Noran Fouad

Noran Fouad

Research Associate

Dr Noran Fouad is a Postdoctoral Research Associate at the Blavatnik School of Government, University of Oxford. She is conducting public policy research on cybersecurity governance and working with faculty on designing and teaching executive education programmes and postgraduate courses on digital governance and cybersecurity.

Noran completed her PhD in international relations at the University of Sussex, where she was also working as a Doctoral Tutor before joining the University of Oxford. Noran’s doctoral project is an interdisciplinary piece of work that brings together insights from security studies, the philosophy of information, and software studies. Her PhD thesis specifically examines the socio-political construction of cybersecurity through an analysis of the peculiarities and agency of digital information.

Prior to her PhD studies, Noran worked as a Teaching Assistant and Assistant Lecturer of Political Science at Cairo University, Egypt, where she taught multiple undergraduate courses including: Theory of International Relations, Introduction to Political Science, Foreign Policy Analysis, and Western Political Systems. During that period, Noran conducted research on cybersecurity, internet governance, digital activism, and several other topics related to digital technologies. Noran was also an Academic Assistant and Executive Editor of two academic journals published by the Faculty of Economics and Political Science, Cairo University.

Noran holds a BSc and a MSc degree in political science from Cairo University. Her master’s dissertation was focused on the transformative influences of cybersecurity on conflict and cooperation in international relations.



Fouad, N.S. (2022). The Security Economics of EdTech: Vendors’ Responsibility and the Cybersecurity Challenge in the Education Sector. Digital Policy, Regulation and Governance. ahead-of-print:

Martin, C. and Fouad, N.S. (2022). Five Tests for Risk-Based Approaches to National Cybersecurity in Resource-Constrained Environments. Digital Pathways at Oxford Paper Series; no. 19. Oxford, United Kingdom.

Fouad, N.S. (2021). The Non-anthropocentric Informational Agents: Codes, Software, and the Logic of Emergence in Cybersecurity. Review of International Studies. First View:

Fouad, N. S., (2021). 'Securing higher education against cyberthreats: from an institutional risk to a national policy challenge', Journal of Cyber Policy, 6(2), pp.137-154.

Fouad, N.S. (2019). The Peculiarities of Securitising Cyberspace: A Multi-Actor Analysis of the Construction of Cyber Threats in the US (2003-2016), in Tiago Cruz and Paulo Simoes (eds.), Proceedings of the 18th European Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security, pp. 633-640. Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited. 

Fouad, N.S. (2018). Security as a Context, Generative Force, and Policy Concern for the Co-Production of Cyberspace: Historical Overview Since WWII Until the End of the Cold War, in Audun Josang (ed.), Proceedings of the 17th European Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security, pp.507-514. Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited.